Radiofrequency Ablation of Painful Soft Tissue Neoplasms

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00041886
First received: July 18, 2002
Last updated: March 3, 2008
Last verified: June 2005
  Purpose

Radiofrequency ablation is used to treat patients with many different conditions. It is used to treat heart arrhythmia and benign bone tumors, and to control bleeding during surgery. It has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for soft tissue ablation (removal). The technique involves inserting a probe, guided by computed tomography or ultrasound, and sending radio waves through the probe. The radio waves generate heat, which both destroys adjacent tissue and cauterizes blood vessels.

This study will enroll 15 adults (age 18 or older) with soft tissue metastases who suffer pain that is not well controlled by other means, such as drugs. The goal is to reduce their pain or their use of analgesics by partially destroying some of their tumors.

Patients will be ineligible for the study if they change the class of pain medication they use within 2 weeks before or 2 weeks after the study treatment. Patients will fill out short questionnaires about pain and daily activities (Brief Pain Inventory) before treatment and 1 day, 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, and 12 months after treatment to ascertain whether their pain is better controlled with less pain medication.

For the treatment, most patients will receive local anesthetic in the area where the probe is inserted. Some patients may require general anesthesia. The probe will remain in place typically for 10 to 30 minutes. For larger tumors, it may be inserted at different positions.


Condition
Soft Tissue Neoplasms

Study Type: Observational
Official Title: Radiofrequency Ablation of Painful Soft Tissue Neoplasms

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: July 2002
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2005
Detailed Description:

This study will examine the efficacy of using radiofrequency ablation (RFA) to treat pain soft tissue metastases not well controlled by conventional methods of treatment, defined as ongoing pain despite maximum pharmacologic interventions, or severe side effects like mental status alteration from medication. Prior experience with similar techniques in the liver, kidney, heart, bones, prostate, lymph nodes, brain, pancreas, and nerve ganglions has found that ablation of a specific volume of tissue with the application of RFA energy is safe and effective. We are hopeful that this method of tissue ablation could assist in the difficult management of patients with painful lesions. The goal will be to reduce pain, or to reduce use of analgesics. Any decrease in strength of opiate used, or in dose equivalent same-medication on a per week basis will be considered significant.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

INCLUSION CRITERIA

All patients must have pain poorly controlled by conventional methods, defined as ongoing pain despite maximum pharmacologic interventions, or severe side effects like mental status alteration from medication, as determined by the patient along with the palliative care/ pain consult service and/or the patient's physician.

Persistent or recalcitrant pain will be localized to a specific neoplastic lesion determined by consensus review by the P.I. with the pain/palliative care service, the patient's physician, and the diagnostic radiologist reviewing the case. Only patients with a limited number of lesions causing pain will be enrolled, and only if there is a target lesion which can be the focus of ablation.

All patients must have had a diagnostic CT scan which conclusively reveal a soft tissue metastasis, which is the source of pain as determined by the Palliative care oncologist. One independent radiologist who is not a co-investigator in this study must confirm this. Tumor does not have to be completely destroyable by RFA, as patients may benefit from simple debulking, denervation, or decrease in intratumoral pressure.

Age greater than or equal to 18 years.

Biopsy of lesion in question for histologic or cytologic confirmation of cancer will be obtained when safe and clinically indicated, or if there is reasonable doubt as to diagnosis. Reasonable doubt will be determined by the PI, the surgeon, and the palliative care oncologist by consensus.

Performance Status ECOG 0-2.

Life expectancy of 3 months or greater.

Platelet count greater than 50,000/mL, absolute granulocyte count (AGC) greater than 1,000/mL, serum creatine less than 1.5 mg/dl (or if greater than 1.5, measured creatine clearance greater than 50mL/min). Any patient with elevated PTT or PT that is uncorrectable will be evaluated by NIH hematology for safety of procedure. This will allow patients with "falsely-elevated" values to undergo the same evaluation that they would have for surgery or other invasive procedure. Dr. Horne is the hematologist and coinvestigator on this protocol.

No serious concurrent medical illness.

Bi-dimensionally measurable disease by radiographic means or physical examination.

The ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent form, and to comply with the protocol. If in question will be reviewed by the ethics committee.

Consult with an NCI surgeon and Palliative care oncologist who will determine if the patient's pain medications and other options (surgical) have been optimized prior to entry in this protocol. Surgical options must be either not possible, or rejected by the patient. Surgery will be either offered or ruled out as an alternative by the NCI surgeon prior to treatment.

Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and classification of drug therapy must be stable without changes for 2 weeks prior to tumor ablation.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA

Patients with a coagulopathy which cannot be corrected, or a bleeding diathesis, will be excluded from this study. Patients taking anti-inflammatory agents or aspirin, heparin, heparinoids, or coumadin will be excluded until the prothrombin time and partial thromboplastin time have normalized.

Patients with an altered mental status that precludes understanding or consenting for a procedure will be excluded from this study.

Pregnant or nursing women and women of childbearing potential unless using effective contraception as determined by the patient's physician.

Patients who are poor medical risk because of other non malignant systemic disease or active, uncontrolled infection.

Patients should not change the class of pain medication for two weeks prior to treatment and are ineligible if class is changed within two weeks prior. If the class of pain medication is switched within two weeks after treatment, the patient becomes inevaluable.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00041886

Locations
United States, Maryland
Warren G. Magnuson Clinical Center (CC)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00041886     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 020244, 02-CC-0244
Study First Received: July 18, 2002
Last Updated: March 3, 2008
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Minimally Invasive Surgery
Percutaneous
Radiofrequency Ablation
Soft Tissue Metastases
Thermal Ablation
Soft Tissue Neoplasm
Tumor

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms
Soft Tissue Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 27, 2014