Gefitinib Plus Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Bladder Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00041106
First received: July 8, 2002
Last updated: June 4, 2013
Last verified: June 2013
  Purpose

Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Biological therapies such as gefitinib may interfere with the growth of the tumor cells and slow the growth of the tumor. Combining chemotherapy with gefitinib may kill more tumor cells. Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combining chemotherapy with gefitinib in treating patients who have metastatic transitional cell cancer of the urothelium


Condition Intervention Phase
Metastatic Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter
Recurrent Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
Drug: cisplatin
Drug: gefitinib
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study Of Cisplatin, Gemcitabine, And ZD 1839 (IRESSA) (IND #61187; NSC 715055) For The Treatment Of Advanced Urothelial Tract Carcinoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Objective response rate based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria and defined as either a complete or partial response [ Time Frame: Up to 7 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Exact 95% confidence intervals based on the binomial distribution will be computed.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Toxicity rates assessed using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 3.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 7 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Exact 95% confidence intervals based on the binomial distribution will be computed.

  • Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From the date of initiation of treatment to date of progression or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 7 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Kaplan-Meier product limit method will be used to estimate the PFS.

  • Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From the date of initiation of treatment to date of death due to any cause, assessed up to 7 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Kaplan-Meier product limit method will be used to estimate the OS.


Enrollment: 50
Study Start Date: May 2002
Primary Completion Date: July 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (gemcitabine, cisplatin, and gefitinib)
Patients receive gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8 and cisplatin IV over 1 hour on day 1. Patients also receive gefitinib PO QD beginning on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients who achieve complete remission, partial remission, or maintain stable disease continue gefitinib PO QD for 5 years or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity occurs.
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • dFdC
  • difluorodeoxycytidine hydrochloride
  • gemcitabine
  • Gemzar
Drug: cisplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CACP
  • CDDP
  • CPDD
  • DDP
Drug: gefitinib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Iressa
  • ZD 1839
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To describe the overall response proportion in patients with advanced carcinoma of the urothelial tract treated with cisplatin, gemcitabine (gemcitabine hydrochloride) and ZD1839 (gefitinib), given on a 21 day schedule, followed by maintenance ZD1839.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To describe the time to progression, progression-free survival, and overall survival in patients with advanced carcinoma of the urothelial tract treated with cisplatin, gemcitabine and ZD1839, given on a 21 day schedule, followed by maintenance ZD1839.

II. To evaluate the effect of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression level on overall response rate and progression-free survival in patients with advanced carcinoma of the urothelial tract treated with cisplatin, gemcitabine and ZD1839, given on a 21 day schedule, followed by maintenance ZD1839.

III. To assess the toxicity of the combination of cisplatin, gemcitabine and ZD1839 given on a 21 day schedule, followed by maintenance ZD1839 in patients with advanced carcinoma of the urothelial tract.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients receive gemcitabine intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8 and cisplatin IV over 1 hour on day 1. Patients also receive gefitinib orally (PO) once daily (QD) beginning on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients who achieve complete remission, partial remission, or maintain stable disease continue gefitinib PO QD for 5 years or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity occurs.

Patients are followed at least every 3 months for 1 year and then at least every 6 months until disease progression or relapse.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Biopsy proven transitional cell carcinoma of the urothelial tract (bladder, ureter, renal pelvis or urethra); histologic documentation of metastatic/recurrent disease is not required; clinical, but not pathologic staging, is required
  • Metastatic (N2, N3 or M1) urothelial tract carcinoma; patients must not be candidates for potentially curative surgery or radiation therapy
  • Patients must have measurable disease as defined below:

    • Measurable disease: lesions that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as >= 20 mm with conventional techniques or as >= 10 mm with spiral computed tomography (CT) scan; the bladder is not a site of measurable disease
    • Non-measurable disease: all other lesions, including small lesions (longest diameter < 20 mm with conventional techniques or < 10 mm with spiral CT scan) and truly non-measurable lesions; lesions that are considered non-measurable include the following:

      • Bone lesions
      • Leptomeningeal disease
      • Ascites
      • Pleural/pericardial effusion
      • Inflammatory breast disease
      • Lymphangitis cutis/pulmonis
      • Abdominal masses that are not confirmed and followed by imaging techniques
      • Cystic lesions
  • Prior treatment:

    • No prior systemic chemotherapy except single-agent chemotherapy used as a radiosensitization agent; prior intravesical chemotherapy is permissible; prior adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy is not permissible
    • No prior systemic therapy for advanced urothelial carcinoma including investigational therapies such as, but not limited to, agents targeting the HER2/neu, signal transduction (including EGFR), angiogenic, immune, and cell cycle pathways
    • No prior treatment with ZD1839
    • > 4 weeks and fully recovered from major surgery, radiation, or intravesical chemotherapy
  • Tumor tissue from the primary tumor or from biopsy of a metastatic site must be available for EGFR expression determination; when tissue specimens from both primary and metastatic sites are available, both must be submitted for EGFR testing; expression of EGFR is not required
  • No cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide 4 (CYP3A4) inducers within 7 days prior to starting protocol therapy and while on protocol treatment; CYP3A4 inducers include phenytoin, carbamazepine, barbiturates, rifampin, St John's Wort, dexamethasone, modafinil, and rifapentine; single doses of dexamethasone used as an antiemetic are permitted
  • No evidence of brain metastases
  • Patient must have no evidence of:

    • > grade 1 pre-existing sensory or motor neuropathy
    • Active severe chronic gastrointestinal disorders including liver disease, diarrheal or emetic disorders, or malabsorptive conditions causing nausea or diarrhea
    • Active severe chronic desquamative cutaneous disorder
    • Active severe corneal disease or inflammatory ocular disorder
  • No "currently active" second malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancers; patients are not considered to have a "currently active" malignancy if they have completed therapy and considered by their physician to be at less than 30% risk of relapse
  • No patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • No human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease
  • Common Toxicity Criteria (CTC) (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group [ECOG]) performance status 0-2
  • Granulocytes >= 1,500/ul
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/ul
  • Bilirubin =< 1.25 x upper limits of normal
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.0 x upper limits of normal
  • Calculated creatinine clearance >= 50 ml/min

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must not be pregnant or engaged in nursing; men and women of reproductive age must agree to practice effective contraception in order to participate in this study
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00041106

Locations
United States, Illinois
Cancer and Leukemia Group B
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60606
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: George Philips Cancer and Leukemia Group B
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00041106     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-02818, CALGB-90102, CDR0000069443, U10CA031946
Study First Received: July 8, 2002
Last Updated: June 4, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Transitional Cell
Kidney Neoplasms
Ureteral Neoplasms
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Ureteral Diseases
Gemcitabine
Gefitinib
Cisplatin
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protein Kinase Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 21, 2014