JP-1730 to Treat Parkinson's Disease

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00040209
First received: June 21, 2002
Last updated: March 3, 2008
Last verified: July 2005
  Purpose

This study will evaluate the effects of an experimental drug called JP-1730 on Parkinson's disease symptoms and on dyskinesias (involuntary movements) that develop as a result of long-term treatment with levodopa. JP-1730 affects chemical messengers believed to affect Parkinson's disease symptoms.

Patients between 30 and 80 years of age with relatively advanced Parkinson's disease may be eligible for this 3-phase study.

  • Phase 1 - Baseline evaluation

Participants will be evaluated with a medical history, physical examination, detailed neurologic evaluation, routine blood tests, urinalysis and an electrocardiogram. They will also have a 24-hour holter monitor (heart monitoring) and cardiology consultation. A chest X-ray and MRI or CT scan of the brain will be done if needed. Patients will, if possible, stop taking all antiparkinsonian medications except levodopa (Sinemet) for one month before the study begins and throughout its duration. (If necessary, patients may use short-acting dopamine agonists, such as Mirapex and Requip.)

  • Phase 2 - Dose Finding Phase

For 2 to 3 days, patients will be admitted to the NIH Clinical Center for a levodopa (a dopamine agonist) dose-finding procedure. For this procedure, patients stop taking Sinemet and instead have levodopa, and subsequently apomorphine, infused through a vein. During the infusions, the drug dose is increased slowly until either 1) parkinsonian symptoms improve, 2) unacceptable side effects occur, or 3) the maximum study dose is reached. Symptoms are monitored frequently to find the optimal dose. (Patients who have had dosing infusions in the last 3 months will not have to undergo this phase of the study.)

  • Phase 3 - Active Study Phase

Within 3 months of the dose-finding phase, treatment will begin. Patients will receive seven doses of JD-1730 or placebo (an inactive substance) via puffs from an oral spray together with levodopa infusions over a 3-week period. The doses are given on days 1, 2, and 3 of the first week and then approximately twice a week for the next 2 weeks. For these doses, patients are hospitalized 4 days the first week and 2 days each for the next 2 weeks. All participants will receive placebo at some time during the study, and a few patients, selected at random, will receive only placebo the entire 3 weeks. The procedure for the infusions is the same as that for the dose-finding phase, with frequent evaluation of symptoms. Also, small blood samples are drawn up to three times each study day. At the end of the third week, patients will be discharged from the hospital. Their anti-parkinsonian medications may be readjusted, as needed. Patients will be contacted 2 weeks after the end of the study for a check on side effects and, if necessary, will be scheduled for a follow-up evaluation at the clinic.

In addition to the above procedures, patients will be asked to have an optional lumbar a puncture (spinal tap) on the first and last days of the study to measure various brain chemicals and drug levels that cannot be measured in blood and urine. For this procedure, a local anesthetic is given and a needle is inserted in the space between the bones (vertebrae) in the lower back. About 2 tablespoons of fluid is collected through the needle.


Condition Intervention Phase
Parkinson Disease
Drug: JP 1730
Drug: IV Levodopa
Drug: IV Apomorphine
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Alpha-2 Adrenergic Antagonist Treatment of Parkinson's Disease

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: June 2002
Estimated Study Completion Date: July 2005
Detailed Description:

The objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of selective alpha-2 adrenergic receptor antagonism on the severity of parkinsonian signs and dopaminomimetic drug-associated motor response complications in patients with mild to moderately advanced Parkinson's disease. In a controlled proof-of-principle clinical study, the acute efficacy of JP-1730 will be assessed through the use of validated motor function scales. Safety will be monitored by means of frequent clinical evaluations and laboratory tests.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Patients who meet all of the following inclusion criteria at Day 0 will be eligible to participate in the study:

Patient is between the ages of 30 and 80;

Patient has an intact oral mucosa;

Patient has been diagnosed with idiopathic Parkinson's disease based on the presence of a characteristic clinical history and neurologic findings;

Patient has relatively advanced disease with levodopa-associated motor response complications, including peak-dose dyskinesias and wearing-off fluctuations;

Patient is willing to adhere to protocol requirements as evidenced by written, informed consent.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Patients meeting any of the following exclusion criteria either at Day 0 or during the study will not be enrolled or will be immediately excluded from the study, as appropriate:

Patient has a history of any medical condition that can reasonably be expected to subject the patient to unwarranted risk, including bronchospasm or lung disease, clinically significant cardiac arrhythmias and/or myocardial ischemia; baseline bundle branch block or QTc greater than 480 msec;

Patient has clinically significant laboratory abnormalities including liver enzyme elevation greater than twice the upper limit of normal;

Patient is unable to be treated with levodopa/carbidopa alone or with a single, relatively short-acting dopamine agonist, such as pramipaxole or ropinirole;

Patient is taking a prohibited concomitant medication;

Patient has not been using an adequate contraceptive method for the last 30 days, or is not at least one year post-menopausal (if female);

Patient is pregnant or breastfeeding;

Patient is implanted with bilateral deep brain stimulators;

Patient has prior bilateral pallidotomy or other ablative surgeries for treatment of PD;

Patient has cognitive impairment (MMSE less than 25);

Patients with known history of chronic adrenal pituitary insufficiency, pituitary insufficiency, or clinically significant laboratory abnormalities suggestive of adrenal insufficiency, such as an elevated ACTH level;

Patient has an obvious oral mucosa abnormality;

Patient has participated in a clinical study with an investigational drug within the last 30 days;

Patient has a condition (such as active drug or alcohol abuse) that, in the opinion of the investigators, would interfere with compliance or safety;

Patient is unwilling to sign an informed consent or to comply with protocol requirements.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00040209

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00040209     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 020236, 02-N-0236
Study First Received: June 21, 2002
Last Updated: March 3, 2008
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
JP 1730
Dyskinesias
Levodopa Infusion
Apomorphine Infusion
Clinical Trial
Parkinson Disease
PD

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Parkinson Disease
Parkinsonian Disorders
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Movement Disorders
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Apomorphine
Levodopa
Adrenergic Antagonists
Antiparkinson Agents
Anti-Dyskinesia Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Dopamine Agonists
Dopamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Adrenergic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 22, 2014