Alcohol Septal Ablation in Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: A Pilot Study
This study will test the feasibility of a modified procedure for treating obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (OHC). Patients with OHC have a thickening of the heart muscle that obstructs blood flow out of the heart, causing breathlessness, chest pain, palpitations, tiredness, lightheadedness, and fainting.
The current treatment for OHC is a procedure called alcohol septal ablation (also percutaneous transluminal septal ablation, or PTSA), which involves injecting a small amount of alcohol into a tiny artery that supplies the part of muscle causing blood flow obstruction. The success of PTSA is limited, however, by problems of heart anatomy and the ability to find the appropriate artery to inject. Modifying the procedure by injecting the alcohol through the wall of the lower right chamber of the heart may improve its safety and effectiveness. The new technique requires positioning a catheter (a flexible tube) into the appropriate area of the heart. This study will test the ability to accurately guide the catheter to that area.
Patients with OHC 18 years of age and older who are scheduled to have a cardiac catheterization may be eligible for this study. At the end of the catheterization procedure, participants will undergo intra-cardiac echocardiographic imaging. For this test, one of the catheters placed in the femoral artery (at the top of the leg) for cardiac catheterization will be substituted for a larger one. Through this catheter, a special catheter will be introduced and advanced to the heart to provide images. This pilot feasibility study does not involve injection of alcohol.
Procedure: trans-right ventricular alcohol septal ablation (TRVASA)
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Trans-Right Ventricular Approach to Alcohol Septal Ablation in Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: A Pilot Feasibility Study|
|Study Start Date:||April 2002|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||April 2003|
Patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and drug-refractory symptoms have traditionally been referred for cardiac surgery to widen the left ventricular (LV) outflow tract. More recently, percutaneous transluminal septal ablation (PTSA) has also been shown to thin the subvalvular septum and thereby to reduce LV outflow pressure gradients and to improve symptoms in obstructive HCM. However, this procedure is not infrequently limited by septal coronary artery anatomy and inability to identify and cannulate the appropriate artery that supplies the septal region of interest. Some attempts are also associated with coronary artery dissection, particularly, if there is associated coronary artery disease. A trans-right ventricular (RV) alcohol septal ablation (TRVASA) would significantly simplify the procedure, and increase its safety. The purpose of this study is to initially test our ability to visualize and guide a delivery catheter to a targeted part of the anterior interventricular septum involved in the generation of the LV outflow obstruction using intracardiac echocardiography (ICE). No therapy is intended: alcohol will not be injected into the septum in this initial study.
|United States, Maryland|
|National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI)|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|