Melphalan, Fludarabine, and Alemtuzumab Followed by Peripheral Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Hematologic Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00027560
First received: December 7, 2001
Last updated: December 3, 2012
Last verified: December 2012
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Giving low doses of chemotherapy, such as melphalan and fludarabine, and a monoclonal antibody, such as alemtuzumab, before a donor bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplant helps stop the growth of cancer cells. It also stops the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's stem cells. The donated stem cells may replace the patient's immune system and help destroy any remaining cancer cells (graft-versus-tumor effect). Sometimes the transplanted cells from a donor can also make an immune response against the body's normal cells. Giving cyclosporine after the transplant may stop this from happening.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well fludarabine, melphalan, alemtuzumab, and peripheral stem cell transplant work in treating patients with hematologic cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Leukemia
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasms
Biological: alemtuzumab
Drug: cyclosporine
Drug: fludarabine phosphate
Drug: melphalan
Procedure: allogeneic bone marrow transplantation
Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial Of Non-Myeloablative Regimen Combining Melphalan, Fludarabine, And Anti-CD52 Monoclonal Antibody (CAMPATH-1H) Followed By An Unmodified Hematopoietic Cell Transplant From An HLA Compatible Related Or Unrelated Donor For Treatment Of Lymphohematopoietic Malignancies

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 12 months post transplant ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 24 months post transplant ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Acute Graft-versus-Host Disease Matched Related Patients [ Time Frame: up to 4 months post transplant ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Grade III-IV Acute Graft-versus-Host Disease


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Acute Graft-versus-Host Disease Unrelated and Mismatched Related Patients [ Time Frame: up to 4 months post transplant ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Grade III-IV Acute Graft-versus-Host Disease

  • Extensive Chronic Graft-versus-Host Disease Matched Related Patients [ Time Frame: up to 2 years post transplant ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Extensive Chronic Graft-versus-Host Disease Unrelated and Mismatched Related Patients [ Time Frame: up to 2 years post transplant ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 51
Study Start Date: July 2001
Study Completion Date: April 2009
Primary Completion Date: April 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: TREATMENT OF LYMPHOHEMATOPOIETIC MALIGNANCIES
This is a stratified single-armed phase II study designed to investigate the safety and efficacy of hematopoietic cell allografts administered after nonmyeloablative cytoreduction.
Biological: alemtuzumab

Consenting individuals will receive pretransplant immunosuppressive cytoreduction, which will consist of 4 days of Campath-1H, 5 days of fludarabine, and two days of melphalan. All therapy should be completed approximately 24-36 hours before administration of the primary allograft.

Campath-1H (20mg/dose/day) will be administered for each of four days from day -8 to day -5, inclusive. Each dose will be infused intravenously over 8 hours.

Other Name: Campath
Drug: cyclosporine
Patients will be treated with Cyclosporine as prophylaxis against GvHD. Cyclosporine will be initiated at least 1 day prior to transplant at a dose of 1.5 mg / kg IV q12h (3 mg / kg / day = total daily dose). Dose will thereafter be adjusted to maintain a trough serum level of 200-300 ng /ml. Cyclosporine will be administered intravenously until the patient tolerates full alimentation, at which time conversion to oral dosing to sustain therapeutic levels will be initiated according to standard BMT service guidelines.
Drug: fludarabine phosphate
Fludarabine, 25mg/m2/d will be administered for each of five days from day -8 to day -4, inclusive. Each dose will be infused intravenously over 30 minutes.
Drug: melphalan
Melphalan will be administered intravenously over 30 minutes on each of two days from day -3 to day -2, inclusive. The dose for recipients of HLA-matched related grafts will be 50 mg/m2/day x 2. The dose for recipients of HLA-matched unrelated and HLA-single allele disparate related or unrelated marrow or PBSC transplants will be 70 mg/m2/day x 2.
Procedure: allogeneic bone marrow transplantation Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Overall survival-12 months

Overall survival-24 months

Acute Graft-versus-Host Disease Matched Related patients-up to 4 months post transplant

Acute Graft-versus-Host Disease Unrelated and Mismatched related patients- up to 4 months post transplant

Chronic Graft-versus-Host Disease Matched Related patients- up to 2 years post transplant

Chronic Graft-versus-host disease Unrelated and Mismatched related patients- up to 2 years post transplant

  • OUTLINE: Patients are stratified according to donor type (HLA-matched related vs HLA-matched unrelated, single HLA-allele disparate related, or unmatched) (HLA-mismatched related or matched unrelated donor stratum closed to accrual as of 1/11/06).

Patients receive a nonmyeloablative regimen comprising alemtuzumab IV over 8 hours on days -8 to -5, fludarabine IV over 30 minutes on days -8 to -4, and melphalan IV over 30 minutes on days -3 and -2. Allogeneic peripheral blood stem cells or bone marrow is infused on day 0.

Patients receive graft-versus host disease prophylaxis comprising cyclosporine IV every 12 hours beginning on day -1 and continuing orally as tolerated until day 100.

Patients are followed every 6 weeks for 6 months, every 3 months for 6 months, every 3-6 months for 1 year, and then annually thereafter or as clinically indicated.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A maximum of 50 patients (25 HLA-matched related and 25 HLA-mismatched related or matched unrelated) will be accrued for this study within 2 years (HLA-mismatched related or matched unrelated donor stratum closed to accrual as of 1/11/06).

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 70 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Disease criteria: This trial is primarily designed for: 1) patients with relapsed or primary refractory non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, 2) chemosensitive relapsed or refractory acute and chronic lymphocytic leukemias, 3) relapsed or primary refractory Hodgkin's Disease, or advanced (Durie-Salmon stage II or III) multiple myeloma, advanced Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia, who, by virtue of advanced age, intensity of prior radiation and/or chemotherapy, history of prior toxicity associated with chemo/radiotherapy or existing organ dysfunction, would be at undue risk of regimen associated mortality if transplanted according to protocols involving myeloablative conditioning regimens.
  • Patients with aggressive NHL histologies must have chemo/radiosensitive disease, or have non-progressive disease, or have stable disease on therapy, and be ineligible for an autologous HSC transplant because of disease in the marrow.
  • Patients with chronic myeloid leukemia and high risk forms of acute myelogenous leukemia or myelodysplastic syndromes are also eligible in the absence of an alternative active higher priority allogeneic transplant protocol for which they are eligible.
  • Age criteria: Patients may be up to 70 years of age. There is no lower age threshold. Patients above the age of 70 may also participate, after evaluation and approval by the BMT Service attendings.
  • Absence of active or uncontrolled bacterial, viral, or fungal infection that would contraindicate the use of myelosuppressive chemotherapy.
  • Patients must have a healthy HLA-compatible donor, either a matched or single HLA allele disparate related donor or a similarly compatible unrelated donor recruited through the National Marrow Donor Program. Related donors must be willing to participate as research subjects and be willing to receive G-CSF to mobilize PBPC and undergo leukapheresis to donate PBSC. Unrelated donors identified by the NMDP may elect to donate either PBSC after treatment with G-CSF, or bone marrow. These unrelated donors will provide informed consent and their PBSC or bone marrow donations will be obtained at a qualified donor center participating in the NMDP.
  • Each patient must be willing to participate as a research subject and must sign an informed consent form after discussion of the nature and risks of the study prior to entering the protocol. Parents or legal guardians of patients who are minors will sign the consent form for these patients after discussion of the nature and risks of the study.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Female patients who are pregnant or lactating.
  • Active or uncontrolled viral (including HIV-1), bacterial or fungal infection.
  • Severe renal insufficiency (creatinine >2.0 or creatinine clearance < 30mL/minute)
  • Severe hepatic dysfunction, as defined by: total bilirubin greater than 2.5 mg/dL and AST and ALT >3xnl, unless the liver is involved with disease.
  • Severe cardiac insufficiency, defined as a resting left ventricular ejection of less than 30% as measured by echocardiography or radionuclide cardiac angiography. Patients on cardiac medications for congestive heart failure are eligible, as long as their LVEF is greater than 30% on medication.
  • Severe pulmonary insufficiency, as defined by an adjusted diffusing capacity of less than 40% of predicted value.
  • Karnofsky or Lansky score <40%
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00027560

Locations
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Investigators
Study Chair: Hugo R. Castro-Malaspina, MD Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00027560     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 01-092, MSKCC-01092, NCI-G01-2028
Study First Received: December 7, 2001
Results First Received: November 27, 2012
Last Updated: December 3, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center:
recurrent childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia
recurrent adult Hodgkin lymphoma
refractory multiple myeloma
stage II multiple myeloma
stage III multiple myeloma
recurrent childhood lymphoblastic lymphoma
recurrent childhood acute myeloid leukemia
recurrent adult acute myeloid leukemia
recurrent adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia
relapsing chronic myelogenous leukemia
refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia
recurrent/refractory childhood Hodgkin lymphoma
recurrent grade 1 follicular lymphoma
recurrent grade 2 follicular lymphoma
recurrent grade 3 follicular lymphoma
recurrent adult diffuse small cleaved cell lymphoma
recurrent adult diffuse mixed cell lymphoma
recurrent adult diffuse large cell lymphoma
recurrent adult immunoblastic large cell lymphoma
recurrent adult lymphoblastic lymphoma
recurrent adult Burkitt lymphoma
previously treated myelodysplastic syndromes
recurrent childhood small noncleaved cell lymphoma
recurrent childhood large cell lymphoma
recurrent mantle cell lymphoma
Waldenström macroglobulinemia
childhood chronic myelogenous leukemia
atypical chronic myeloid leukemia, BCR-ABL1 negative
myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasm, unclassifiable
recurrent marginal zone lymphoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms
Leukemia
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Plasmacytoma
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Preleukemia
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Myelodysplastic-Myeloproliferative Diseases
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Cyclosporins
Cyclosporine
Melphalan
Fludarabine monophosphate
Campath 1G
Vidarabine

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 26, 2014