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Gefitinib in Treating Patients With Recurrent Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: October 11, 2001
Last updated: June 20, 2013
Last verified: January 2006

RATIONALE: Biological therapies such as gefitinib may interfere with the growth of the tumor cells and slow the growth of recurrent metastatic colorectal cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to compare the effectiveness of two different doses of gefitinib in treating patients who have recurrent metastatic colorectal cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Colorectal Cancer
Drug: gefitinib
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase II Trial of Two Dose Levels of ZD1839 (Iressa) (NSC 715055, IND 61187) in Patients With Recurrent Colorectal Adenocarcinoma

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: October 2001
Study Completion Date: June 2006
Detailed Description:


  • Determine the 4-month progression-free survival rate in patients with recurrent metastatic colorectal adenocarcinoma treated with gefitinib.
  • Determine the objective tumor response rate, progression, and overall survival of patients treated with this drug.
  • Determine the toxicity of this drug in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind study. Patients are stratified according to ECOG performance status (0-1 vs 2), baseline serum CEA (less than 5 mg/L vs at least 5 mg/L), and number of metastatic sites (1 vs 2 or more). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive oral gefitinib once daily (twice daily on day 1 of course 1). Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Arm II: Patients receive a higher dose of oral gefitinib as in arm I. Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 100 patients (50 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically or cytologically proven adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum
  • Measurable disease
  • Evidence of new or progressive metastatic disease within 6 months of last treatment
  • Must have received prior systemic treatment with fluorouracil (and/or its analogs, with or without leucovorin calcium or levamisole) and irinotecan in the adjuvant or metastatic setting
  • Metastatic tumor site accessible for biopsy
  • No known brain metastases



  • 18 and over

Performance status:

  • ECOG 0-2

Life expectancy:

  • More than 12 weeks


  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3


  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • AST or ALT no greater than 2.5 times ULN (5 times ULN if tumor involvement of the liver)


  • Creatinine no greater than 1.5 times ULN OR
  • Creatinine clearance at least 60 mL/min


  • No New York Heart Association class III or IV heart disease
  • No symptomatic congestive heart failure
  • No unstable angina pectoris
  • No cardiac arrhythmia


  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No ongoing active or uncontrolled infections
  • Other prior malignancies allowed provided prior therapy is discontinued and no evidence of disease
  • No other uncontrolled illness or psychiatric illness/social situations that would preclude study
  • Must be able to take and retain oral medications


Biologic therapy:

  • No prior signal transduction inhibitors (e.g., vascular endothelial growth factor-, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-, and epidermal growth factor receptor-targeted agents) for colorectal cancer


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy and recovered
  • No other prior cytotoxic chemotherapy (e.g., oxaliplatin) for colorectal cancer

Endocrine therapy:

  • Not specified


  • At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy and recovered


  • Not specified


  • No other prior systemic therapy for colorectal cancer
  • No other prior investigational or approved agents for colorectal cancer
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  • No concurrent antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive patients
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00025350

United States, Illinois
Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center, Northwestern University
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611-3013
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Lakeside Chicago
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
CCOP - Central Illinois
Decatur, Illinois, United States, 62526
CCOP - Evanston
Evanston, Illinois, United States, 60201
United States, Michigan
CCOP - Kalamazoo
Kalamazoo, Michigan, United States, 49007-3731
United States, New Jersey
Cancer Institute of New Jersey
New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States, 08903
United States, New York
NYU School of Medicine's Kaplan Comprehensive Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10016
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - New York
New York, New York, United States, 10010
United States, North Dakota
CCOP - Merit Care Hospital
Fargo, North Dakota, United States, 58122
United States, Ohio
Ireland Cancer Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106-5065
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania Cancer Center
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104-4283
University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213-3489
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232-6838
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Tennessee Valley Healthcare System - Nashville Campus
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37212
United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53792-6164
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Madison
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53705
Sponsors and Collaborators
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
Study Chair: Mace L. Rothenberg, MD, FACP Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
Rothenberg ML, Lafleur B, Washington MK, et al.: Changes in epidermal growth factor receptor signaling in serum and tumor biopsies obtained from patients with progressive metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC) treated with gefitinib (ZD1839): an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group study. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 22 (Suppl 14): A-3000, 195s, 2004. Identifier: NCT00025350     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000068952, E-6200
Study First Received: October 11, 2001
Last Updated: June 20, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage IV colon cancer
stage IV rectal cancer
recurrent colon cancer
recurrent rectal cancer
adenocarcinoma of the colon
adenocarcinoma of the rectum

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Colonic Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Digestive System Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Intestinal Diseases
Intestinal Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Rectal Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Therapeutic Uses processed this record on November 25, 2014