Chemotherapy and Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndrome
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Peripheral stem cell transplantation may be able to replace immune cells that were destroyed by chemotherapy.
PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of chemotherapy followed by peripheral stem cell transplantation in treating patients who have myelodysplastic syndrome.
Procedure: allogeneic bone marrow transplantation
Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
|Study Design:||Primary Purpose: Treatment|
|Official Title:||Allogeneic Peripheral Blood Stem Cell (PBSC) Transplantation for the Treatment of "Less Advanced" Myelodysplasi|
|Study Start Date:||February 2001|
|Study Completion Date:||August 2007|
- Determine the non-relapse toxicity and mortality on day 100 and at 1 year after transplantation in patients with low or intermediate-risk myelodysplastic syndrome treated with busulfan, cyclophosphamide, and allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation.
- Determine the incidence of donor stem cell engraftment and relapse-free survival in these patients treated with this regimen.
- Determine the incidence and severity of acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease and invasive fungal infections in these patients treated with this regimen.
- Determine the incidence of relapse in these patients treated with this regimen.
OUTLINE: Peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) or bone marrow are harvested from a related or unrelated compatible donor. PBSC are selected for CD34+ cells.
Patients receive oral busulfan every 6 hours on days -7 to -4 and cyclophosphamide IV on days -3 and -2. Allogeneic PBSC or bone marrow is infused on day 0.
As graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis, patients receive cyclosporine IV beginning on day -1 and continuing orally twice daily (if feasible) until day 51 followed by a taper. Patients also receive methotrexate IV on days 1, 3, 6, and 11.
Patients are followed through day 100, every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually thereafter.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 40 patients will be accrued for this study within 3 years.
|United States, Washington|
|Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center|
|Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109|
|Study Chair:||H. Joachim Deeg, MD||Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center|