Bevacizumab, Fluorouracil, and Hydroxyurea Plus Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Advanced Head and Neck Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00023959
First received: September 13, 2001
Last updated: February 6, 2013
Last verified: February 2013
  Purpose

Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, can block cancer growth in different ways. Some block the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Others find cancer cells and help kill them or deliver cancer-killing substances to them. Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining monoclonal antibody therapy with chemotherapy and radiation therapy may be an effective treatment for head and neck cancer. This phase I trial is to see if combining bevacizumab, fluorouracil, and hydroxyurea with radiation therapy works in treating patients who have advanced head and neck cancer


Condition Intervention Phase
Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer With Occult Primary Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Recurrent Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity
Recurrent Basal Cell Carcinoma of the Lip
Recurrent Esthesioneuroblastoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity
Recurrent Inverted Papilloma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity
Recurrent Lymphoepithelioma of the Nasopharynx
Recurrent Lymphoepithelioma of the Oropharynx
Recurrent Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer With Occult Primary
Recurrent Midline Lethal Granuloma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity
Recurrent Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity
Recurrent Salivary Gland Cancer
Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Hypopharynx
Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx
Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity
Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Nasopharynx
Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx
Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity
Recurrent Verrucous Carcinoma of the Larynx
Recurrent Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity
Stage III Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity
Stage III Basal Cell Carcinoma of the Lip
Stage III Esthesioneuroblastoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity
Stage III Inverted Papilloma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity
Stage III Lymphoepithelioma of the Nasopharynx
Stage III Lymphoepithelioma of the Oropharynx
Stage III Midline Lethal Granuloma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity
Stage III Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity
Stage III Salivary Gland Cancer
Stage III Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Hypopharynx
Stage III Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx
Stage III Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity
Stage III Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Nasopharynx
Stage III Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx
Stage III Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity
Stage III Verrucous Carcinoma of the Larynx
Stage III Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity
Stage IV Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity
Stage IV Basal Cell Carcinoma of the Lip
Stage IV Esthesioneuroblastoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity
Stage IV Inverted Papilloma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity
Stage IV Lymphoepithelioma of the Nasopharynx
Stage IV Lymphoepithelioma of the Oropharynx
Stage IV Midline Lethal Granuloma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity
Stage IV Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity
Stage IV Salivary Gland Cancer
Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Hypopharynx
Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Larynx
Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip and Oral Cavity
Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Nasopharynx
Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx
Stage IV Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity
Stage IV Verrucous Carcinoma of the Larynx
Stage IV Verrucous Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity
Untreated Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer With Occult Primary
Drug: hydroxyurea
Drug: fluorouracil
Biological: bevacizumab
Radiation: radiation therapy
Biological: filgrastim
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study Of Bevacizumab (Recombinant Humanized Monoclonal Antibody To Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor) In Addition To Flourouracil And Hydroxyurea As Initial Chemotherapy With Concomitant Radiotherapy (B-FHX) For Poor Prognosis Head And Neck Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • MTD defined as the dose preceding that at which at least 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity assessed using NCI CTCAE version 3.0 [ Time Frame: 14 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Objective response rate (CR+PR) assessed using RECIST criteria [ Time Frame: Up to 9 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The associated 95% confidence interval will be determined.

  • Pattern of failure, described as locoregional, distant, or both [ Time Frame: Up to 9 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Duration of response [ Time Frame: From the time measurement criteria are met for CR or PR (whichever is first recorded) until the first date that recurrent or progressive disease is objectively documented, assessed up to 9 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Progression free survival [ Time Frame: From the date of registration to the date of progressive disease or death, assessed up to 9 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Will be calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and median progression-free and overall survival times, along with their 95% confidence intervals, will be derived using the procedure described in Brookmeyer and Crowley.

  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: From the date of registration to the date of death, assessed up to 9 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Will be calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and median progression-free and overall survival times, along with their 95% confidence intervals, will be derived using the procedure described in Brookmeyer and Crowley.


Enrollment: 39
Study Start Date: July 2001
Primary Completion Date: March 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (hydroxyurea, fluorouracil, bevacizumab, radiation)
Patients receive oral hydroxyurea every 12 hours on days 1-6, fluorouracil IV continuously on days 1-5, and bevacizumab IV over 90 minutes on day 1. Patients also undergo radiotherapy once daily on days 1-5. Patients receive G-CSF subcutaneously on days 6-12. Treatment repeats every 2 weeks for up to 7 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: hydroxyurea
Given orally
Other Names:
  • HU
  • HYD
  • Hydrea
  • Hydroxycarbamide
  • Hydurea
Drug: fluorouracil
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5-fluorouracil
  • 5-Fluracil
  • 5-FU
Biological: bevacizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • anti-VEGF humanized monoclonal antibody
  • anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody
  • Avastin
  • rhuMAb VEGF
Radiation: radiation therapy
Undergo radiotherapy
Other Names:
  • irradiation
  • radiotherapy
  • therapy, radiation
Biological: filgrastim
Given subcutaneously
Other Names:
  • G-CSF
  • Neupogen
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose and dose-limiting toxicity of bevacizumab when given in combination with fluorouracil, hydroxyurea, and radiotherapy in patients with advanced head and neck cancer.

II. Determine the time to progression, pattern of failure, local control, and distant failure rate in patients treated with this regimen.

III. Determine the local toxic effects of this regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, dose-escalation study of bevacizumab.

Patients receive oral hydroxyurea every 12 hours on days 1-6, fluorouracil IV continuously on days 1-5, and bevacizumab IV over 90 minutes on day 1. Patients also undergo radiotherapy once daily on days 1-5. Patients receive filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously on days 6-12. Treatment repeats every 2 weeks for up to 7 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of bevacizumab until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which at least 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Additional patients are treated at the MTD.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 27-39 patients will be accrued for this study within 5.4-19.5 months.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed advanced head and neck cancer

    • Requiring regional palliative radiotherapy
    • Not amenable to standard therapy
  • Previously untreated disease allowed only if prognosis is poor (i.e., estimated 2-year survival of less than 10% if treated with standard therapy alone)
  • No obvious tumor involvement of major vessels on CT scan
  • No known brain metastases
  • Performance status - ECOG 0-2
  • Performance status - Karnofsky 60-100%
  • More than 12 weeks
  • WBC at least 3,000/mm^3
  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3
  • No history of bleeding diathesis
  • Bilirubin normal
  • AST/ALT no greater than 2.5 times upper limit of normal
  • Creatinine normal
  • Urine protein no greater than trace
  • Urine protein less than 0.5 g/24 hours
  • No significant renal impairment
  • No symptomatic congestive heart failure
  • No cardiac arrhythmia
  • No deep venous thrombosis
  • No uncontrolled hypertension
  • No clinically significant peripheral artery disease
  • No arterial thromboembolic event within the past 6 months, including any of the following:

    • Transient ischemic attack
    • Cerebrovascular accident
    • Unstable angina
    • Myocardial infarction
  • No hemoptysis of at least 1 tablespoon
  • No history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to bevacizumab or other agents used in this study
  • No non-healing wounds within the past 4 weeks
  • No significant ongoing or active infection
  • No other uncontrolled illness
  • No other severe complicating medical illness that would preclude study participation
  • No psychiatric illness or social situation that would preclude study compliance
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No prior fluorouracil and hydroxyurea with radiotherapy
  • At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin) and recovered
  • See Disease Characteristics
  • See Chemotherapy
  • At least 4 months since prior radiotherapy and recovered
  • At least 4 weeks since prior major surgery
  • No prior or concurrent chronic use of aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  • No concurrent anticoagulation therapy
  • No concurrent combination antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive patients
  • No other concurrent anticancer agents
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00023959

Locations
United States, Illinois
University of Chicago Comprehensive Cancer Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637-1470
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Everett Vokes University of Chicago Comprehensive Cancer Center
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00023959     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-02408, 11033B, CDR0000068879
Study First Received: September 13, 2001
Last Updated: February 6, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Basal Cell
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic
Granuloma
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Laryngeal Diseases
Papilloma
Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid
Carcinoma, Verrucous
Esthesioneuroblastoma, Olfactory
Papilloma, Inverted
Neoplasms, Unknown Primary
Salivary Gland Neoplasms
Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms
Laryngeal Neoplasms
Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms
Oropharyngeal Neoplasms
Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Basal Cell
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Adenocarcinoma
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Neoplasms by Site
Respiratory Tract Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 20, 2014