Management of Compartment Syndrome With Ultrafiltration
This study will test the safety of a new treatment method called tissue ultrafiltration. We will test this method in the treatment of compartment syndrome, a condition that occurs when pressure within the muscles builds to dangerous levels. In the legs and other parts of the body, a tough, stiff membrane covers groups of muscles and the nerves and blood vessels that run next to and through them. The entire unit is called a compartment. The causes of compartment syndrome include traumatic leg injuries and loss of blood supply. In tissue ultrafiltration, a doctor places hollow probes, or catheters, directly into the muscle compartment in the injured area of the lower leg. The probes remove fluid from the compartment (extra fluid can cause increased pressure).
We will do an initial safety study in a group of patients who have had surgery for a broken tibia (the inner, larger bone of the lower leg) and are at high risk for developing compartment syndrome. The goals of this initial study are to show that inserting tissue ultrafiltration catheters in the muscle compartment is safe and can be done repeatedly without problems; to show that tissue ultrafiltration can be used to monitor the biochemical environment inside tissues; and to show that the catheter apparatus provides an accurate measurement of pressure in the compartment.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Management of Compartment Syndrome With Ultrafiltration|
|Study Start Date:||June 2002|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2004|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2004 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
The human clinical trials are organized as a series of consecutive studies designed to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of ultrafiltration in the management of compartment syndrome (CS). The first study is a cohort study of patients with tibial shaft fractures that will test the safety of the catheters as well as demonstrate that ultrafiltration fibers provide an improved method for monitoring myofascial compartment physiology. The goals of this study are to (1) demonstrate that inserting ultrafiltration (UF) catheters is safe and reproducible; (2) show that CSUF allows for biochemical assessment of cellular function; and (3) show that the CSUF apparatus provides an accurate measurement of intracompartmental pressure.
The study population will consist of 10 patients with closed or open Gustilo grade I, grade II, or grade IIIa tibial shaft fractures that require surgical stabilization. We will recruit patients for the study at the study centers. Data collected during this study will be numerical values for the biochemical measurements and for the intramuscular pressure (IMP) measurements. We will compare the CSUF system values for intramuscular pressure with IMP measured with a Stryker device. Finally, we will correlate serial changes in the biochemical measures to any changes in IMP. The metabolic assay will show increased UF levels compared to serum levels.
We will consider fasciotomy when the IMP is within 30 mmHg of the patient's diastolic blood pressure, or when the clinical examination of the patient demands. We will make repeat IMP measurements at the time of fasciotomy and record the interval to and reasons for fasciotomy.
Following the operative stabilization of the tibial fracture and before the final closure of any traumatic wounds, we will insert multiple UF catheters into the anterior, lateral, and posterior (superficial and deep) compartments of the leg. Techniques used for catheter insertion will be similar to existing methods for the insertion of drainage catheters and we do not anticipate any specific difficulties with this step.
To measure intramuscular pressure, we will connect one of the catheters designed for this purpose to a standard pressure transducer and will use it to monitor intracompartmental pressure (IMP) in real-time. In addition, we will use a standard wick catheter, inserted separately, for control measurements.
For biochemical measurements, we will analyze samples of the interstitial fluid removed by CSUF for levels of creatine phosphokinase (CPK), lactic acid, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), osmolarity, pH, and pO2. We will obtain fluid every 4 hours for up to 48 hours. The assays will be performed by standard clinical laboratory techniques.
|United States, Minnesota|
|Hennepin County Medical Center|
|Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55405|
|Principal Investigator:||William Fowler||Twin Star Medical, Inc.|