Zoledronate, Calcium, and Vitamin D in Preventing Bone Loss in Women Receiving Adjuvant Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00022087
First received: August 10, 2001
Last updated: September 26, 2013
Last verified: September 2013
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Zoledronate plus calcium and vitamin D may prevent bone loss in patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer. It is not yet known which regimen is more effective in preventing bone loss.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is comparing two regimens of zoledronate plus calcium and vitamin D to see how well they work in preventing bone loss in women who are receiving adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Osteoporosis
Dietary Supplement: calcium salts
Dietary Supplement: cholecalciferol
Drug: zoledronic acid
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Phase III Trial of Intravenous Zoledronic Acid (Zometa) in the Prevention of Bone Loss in Localized Breast Cancer Patients With Chemotherapy-Induced Ovarian Failure

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Bone mineral density in the lumbar spine [ Time Frame: 12 months from randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Bone mineral density in the lumbar spine [ Time Frame: 36 months post randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 439
Study Start Date: December 2001
Study Completion Date: February 2009
Primary Completion Date: March 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Zoledronic acid initial tx
Zoledronic acid + calcium + Vit D for 2 years, followed by Calcium + vit D for 1 year
Dietary Supplement: calcium salts
1000 mg PO per day
Dietary Supplement: cholecalciferol
400 IU PO per day
Other Name: Vitamin D
Drug: zoledronic acid
4 mg IV infusion q 3 months, months 1-24 in Zoledronic acid initial tx arm and months 13-36 in calcium + vit D initial tx arm
Other Name: Zometa
Experimental: Calcium + Vit D initial Tx
Calcium + vitamin D for 1 year followed by zoledronic acid + calcium + vit D for 2 years
Dietary Supplement: calcium salts
1000 mg PO per day
Dietary Supplement: cholecalciferol
400 IU PO per day
Other Name: Vitamin D
Drug: zoledronic acid
4 mg IV infusion q 3 months, months 1-24 in Zoledronic acid initial tx arm and months 13-36 in calcium + vit D initial tx arm
Other Name: Zometa

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Compare the bone mineral density in the lumbar spine after 12 and 36 months of therapy with zoledronate, calcium, and cholecalciferol (vitamin D) in women with breast cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, open-label, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to intent to treat with tamoxifen (yes vs no) and node status (negative vs positive vs unknown [for patients receiving neoadjuvant therapy]). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Beginning on the first day of adjuvant chemotherapy (or within 3 months after the first day), patients receive zoledronate IV over at least 15 minutes once every 3 months during months 1-24 and oral calcium and oral cholecalciferol (vitamin D) daily during months 1-36.
  • Arm II: Beginning on the first day of adjuvant chemotherapy (or within 3 months after the first day), patients receive oral calcium and oral vitamin D daily during months 1-36 and zoledronate IV over at least 15 minutes once every 3 months during months 13-36.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 400 patients (200 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 24 months.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the breast by fine needle aspirate, biopsy (tru-cut, core, stereotactic), lumpectomy, or modified radical mastectomy

    • Stage I-III (any T, any N, M0)
    • Stage IV due solely to supraclavicular node involvement allowed
  • Plan to use adjuvant chemotherapy* with or without adjuvant endocrine therapy*

    • Subsequent adjuvant hormonal therapy with an aromatase inhibitor allowed in women rendered postmenopausal by adjuvant chemotherapy NOTE: *Must be specified prior to study entry
  • Hormone receptor status:

    • Not specified

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • 40 and over

Sex:

  • Female

Menopausal status:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Premenopausal, defined as actively menstruating or last menstrual period occurred within 6 months prior to study entry

    • Prior hysterectomy without bilateral oophorectomy and estradiol and follicle-stimulating hormone within premenopausal range prior to the initiation of chemotherapy allowed

Performance status:

  • Not specified

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic:

  • Not specified

Hepatic:

  • Not specified

Renal:

  • Not specified

Other:

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No more than 3 months since prior adjuvant chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • See Disease Characteristics

Radiotherapy:

  • Not specified

Surgery:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • See Menopausal status

Other:

  • No other concurrent bisphosphonates
  • No concurrent digoxin
  • No concurrent tetracycline
  • Concurrent neoadjuvant therapy allowed
  • Concurrent enrollment on therapeutic adjuvant clinical trials allowed provided the therapeutic trial does not preclude participation in this trial
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00022087

  Show 107 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
Investigators
Study Chair: Charles L. Shapiro, MD Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Shapiro CL, Halabi S, Gibson G, et al.: Effect of zoledronic acid (ZA) on bone mineral density (BMD) in premenopausal women who develop ovarian failure (OF) due to adjuvant chemotherapy (AdC): first results from CALGB trial 79809. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 26 (Suppl 15): A-512, 2008.

Responsible Party: Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00022087     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000068781, U10CA031946, CALGB-79809, NCI-P01-0184
Study First Received: August 10, 2001
Last Updated: September 26, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:
osteoporosis
stage I breast cancer
stage II breast cancer
stage IV breast cancer
stage IIIA breast cancer
stage IIIB breast cancer
stage IIIC breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Osteoporosis
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Bone Diseases, Metabolic
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Zoledronic acid
Calcium, Dietary
Cholecalciferol
Vitamin D
Ergocalciferols
Diphosphonates
Vitamins
Bone Density Conservation Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Micronutrients
Growth Substances

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 23, 2014