Inhaled Morphine Compared With Morphine By Mouth in Treating Cancer Patients With Breakthrough Pain

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00020618
First received: July 11, 2001
Last updated: July 17, 2013
Last verified: February 2002
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Morphine that is inhaled may be more rapidly absorbed than morphine that is given by mouth. It is not yet known if inhaled morphine is more effective than morphine given by mouth in relieving breakthrough pain.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to compare the effectiveness of inhaled morphine with that of morphine given by mouth in treating cancer patients who have breakthrough pain.


Condition Intervention Phase
Pain
Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific
Drug: morphine sulfate
Procedure: quality-of-life assessment
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: An Open Label, Randomized, Multicenter, Crossover, Phase II Study to Compare Pain Relief Following Morphine Administration Via AERxPMS vs Orally in Cancer Patients Experiencing Opioid-Sensitive Breakthrough Pain

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: March 2001
Study Completion Date: February 2004
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the change in pain intensity during the 15 minutes immediately following aerosolized vs oral morphine sulfate in cancer patients with opioid-sensitive breakthrough pain. II. Compare preference for continued use of these regimens in these patients. III. Compare the pain relief in patients treated with these regimens. IV. Evaluate satisfaction of patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, open-label, crossover, multicenter study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. Patients undergo titration of aerosolized morphine sulfate over days 1-7 to determine the optimal baseline and breakthrough dosage. Arm I: Patients receive aerosolized morphine sulfate as needed for breakthrough pain, up to 4 inhalations every 15 minutes, on days 8-14. Patients crossover to oral morphine sulfate as needed for breakthrough pain on days 15-21. Arm II: Patients receive oral morphine sulfate as needed for breakthrough pain on days 8-14. Patients crossover to aerosolized morphine sulfate as needed for breakthrough pain, up to 4 inhalations every 15 minutes, on days 15-21. Patients may continue treatment with either oral or aerosolized morphine sulfate for an additional 60 days beginning on day 22. Quality of life is assessed weekly for 3 weeks. Patients complete a pain management satisfaction survey at the end of each therapy crossover week.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 50 patients will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Opioid-sensitive breakthrough pain due to cancer More than 1 episode daily Oral opiate dose of no more than 100 mg of morphine No known allergy to morphine or other opioids No known CNS excitatory response to morphine or other opioids No unstable persistent morbidity due to prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-3 Life expectancy: More than 3 months Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 2.0 mg/dL AST less than 82 U/L ALT less than 72 U/L Renal: Creatinine less than 1.5 mg/dL Pulmonary: No significant history or recent exacerbation of bronchial asthma No chronic obstructive pulmonary disease No significant pulmonary pathology that would preclude study Other: No history of substance abuse, including alcohol, within the past 2 months No other condition that would preclude study Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: Recovered from prior chemotherapy No concurrent chemotherapy that would cause toxicity (e.g., emesis) Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: Recovered from prior radiotherapy No concurrent radiotherapy that would cause toxicity (e.g., emesis) Surgery: Not specified Other: At least 30 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) since prior investigational drug No concurrent MAO inhibitors

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00020618

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Investigators
Study Chair: Nathaniel Katz, MD Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00020618     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DFCI-MOR-00-01, CDR0000068672, ARADIGM-MOR-00-01, BWH-2000-P-001516
Study First Received: July 11, 2001
Last Updated: July 17, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
unspecified adult solid tumor, protocol specific
pain

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breakthrough Pain
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Morphine
Analgesics, Opioid
Narcotics
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 22, 2014