Flavopiridol in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Metastatic Head and Neck Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00020189
First received: July 11, 2001
Last updated: June 17, 2013
Last verified: August 2004
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of flavopiridol in treating patients who have recurrent or metastatic head and neck cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Head and Neck Cancer
Thromboembolism
Drug: acetylsalicylic acid
Drug: alvocidib
Drug: clopidogrel bisulfate
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of Daily Bolus Flavopiridol for Five Consecutive Days in Patients With Recurrent/Metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck (SCCHN)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: June 2000
Study Completion Date: August 2004
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine the standard response rate (complete response and partial response) and duration of response in patients with recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck treated with flavopiridol.
  • Determine the qualitative and quantitative toxic effects of this regimen in these patients.
  • Determine the progression-free and overall survival of patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine the effects of anti-platelet agents, aspirin and clopidogrel bisulfate, on the pharmacology of flavopiridol in these patients.
  • Determine the effects of prophylactic anticoagulation with anti-platelet agents, aspirin and clopidogrel bisulfate, on the incidence of flavopiridol-related thrombosis in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients receive flavopiridol IV over 1 hour on days 1-5. Courses repeat every 3 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients also receive oral aspirin and clopidogrel bisulfate beginning on day 0 and continuing throughout the study.

Patients are followed until death.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 12-37 patients will be accrued for this study within 1-3 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically proven squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck

    • Metastatic disease at diagnosis OR
    • Persistent, metastatic, or recurrent disease after prior definitive surgery and/or radiotherapy
  • No undifferentiated and nonkeratinizing carcinomas, including lymphoepitheliomas of all locations
  • No nasopharynx tumors
  • Bidimensionally measurable disease

    • Patients whose only measurable disease is within a prior radiotherapy port must have clearly progressive disease
  • No metastatic or leptomeningeal CNS disease

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • 18 and over

Performance status:

  • ECOG 0-2

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic:

  • Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm^3
  • Absolute granulocyte count greater than 1,500/mm^3

Hepatic:

  • See Other (Prior/Concurrent Therapy)
  • SGOT and SGPT less than 2.5 times normal
  • Bilirubin less than 1.5 times normal
  • No history of hypercoagulopathies (e.g., protein C deficiency, protein S deficiency, or lupus anticoagulant)

Renal:

  • Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL OR
  • Creatinine clearance at least 60 mL/min
  • Calcium no greater than normal
  • No hypercalcemia refractory to bisphosphonates

Cardiovascular:

  • No unstable or newly diagnosed angina pectoris
  • No myocardial infarction within the past 6 months
  • No class II-IV congestive heart failure
  • No history of symptomatic carotid disease
  • No concurrent asymptomatic carotid artery occlusion (70% or greater) in one or both arteries by Doppler ultrasound
  • No symptomatic atherosclerosis
  • No thrombotic events within the past 6 months

Pulmonary:

  • No aspirin-induced asthma

Other:

  • No inability to take aspirin or clopidogrel bisulfate due to contraindications, allergies, or pre-existing medical conditions (e.g., active peptic ulcer disease or history of undiagnosed non-occult, non-hemorrhoidal gastrointestinal or other bleeding sources within the past 6 months)
  • No other prior malignancy within the past 5 years except adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, or adequately treated stage I or II cancer that is currently in complete remission
  • HIV negative
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 3 months after study

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • No concurrent biologic therapy

Chemotherapy:

  • At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy and recovered
  • No prior flavopiridol
  • No more than 3 prior systemic chemotherapy regimens for recurrent or metastatic disease
  • No other concurrent chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • No concurrent hormonal therapy except oral contraceptives

Radiotherapy:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy and recovered
  • No concurrent radiotherapy

Surgery:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 4 weeks since prior surgery and recovered
  • No prior carotid endarterectomy or other revascularization surgery

Other:

  • No other concurrent antineoplastic therapies
  • No active anticoagulation with INR 1.5 or greater
  • No low-molecular weight heparin or equivalent
  • Concurrent bisphosphonates for calcium maintenance allowed
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00020189

Locations
United States, Maryland
Center for Cancer Research
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Warren Grant Magnuson Clinical Center - NCI Clinical Studies Support
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892-1182
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Study Chair: Barbara A. Conley, MD National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00020189     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00005670
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000068028, NCI-00-C-0128, MB-401, NCI-T99-0066
Study First Received: July 11, 2001
Last Updated: June 17, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
thromboembolism
untreated metastatic squamous neck cancer with occult primary
recurrent metastatic squamous neck cancer with occult primary
metastatic squamous neck cancer with occult primary squamous cell carcinoma
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the lip and oral cavity
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the lip and oral cavity
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the paranasal sinus and nasal cavity
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the paranasal sinus and nasal cavity
recurrent salivary gland cancer
salivary gland squamous cell carcinoma
stage IV salivary gland cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Thromboembolism
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Neoplasms by Site
Embolism and Thrombosis
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Thrombosis
Aspirin
Ticlopidine
Clopidogrel
Flavopiridol
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antirheumatic Agents
Fibrinolytic Agents
Fibrin Modulating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 29, 2014