KRN5500 in Treating Patients With Solid Tumors

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00017238
First received: June 6, 2001
Last updated: January 10, 2013
Last verified: January 2013
  Purpose

Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of KRN5500 in treating patients who have solid tumors. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as KRN5500, work in different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die


Condition Intervention Phase
Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific
Drug: KRN5500
Other: pharmacological study
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Trial of KRN5500 (NSC 650426) Given as a 72 Hour Continuous IV Infusion Every 21 Days in Patients With Solid Tumors

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximally tolerated dose (MTD) and dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) of KRN5500, based on the National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria (NCI CTC) v2.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 21 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Grade 2 or greater toxic effects, based on the NCI CTC v2.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 1 month after last course of study treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Plasma concentration-time levels of KRN5500 as determined by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography with electrospray ionization mass spectrometric detection [ Time Frame: Up to 21 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Analyzed by noncompartmental methods and/or nonlinear least squares regression using WinNonlin (Scientific Consulting, Inc.).

  • Response to KRN5500 by fluorothymidine-positron emission tomography (FLT-PET) scanning at the MTD in patients with measurable disease [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Antitumor activity [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Pharmacodynamic relationships for the pharmacological effect of the drug upon surrogate markers of activity and host toxicity [ Time Frame: Up to 21 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Comparison among the toxicity profiles between the 1 hr i.v. infusion and 72 hr continuous i.v. infusion administration schedules [ Time Frame: Up to 1 month after last course of study treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: February 2002
Primary Completion Date: November 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (KRN5500)

Patients receive KRN5500 IV over 24-72 hours on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 1-3 patients receive KRN5500 at the starting dose over escalating infusion durations. After the longest duration of infusion time is safely reached, cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of KRN5500 until the MTD is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Once the MTD is determined, additional patients are accrued to receive treatment with KRN5500 at the recommended phase II dose.

Drug: KRN5500
Given IV
Other: pharmacological study
Correlative studies
Other Name: pharmacological studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To establish the MTD and identify the DLTs of the investigational agent KRN5500 when administered by a 72-hr continuous i.v. infusion to patients with solid tumors who have failed standard therapy or for whom no standard therapy exists.

II. To establish and assess the safety of an appropriate dose for phase II studies.

III. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of KRN5500 in patients when administered by a 72 hr continuous IV infusion.

IV. To characterize the response to KRN5500 by FLT-PET scanning at the MTD.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To describe any preliminary evidence of antitumor activity. II. Establish pharmacodynamic relationships for the pharmacological effect of the drug upon surrogate markers of activity and host toxicity.

III. To compare the toxicity profiles for the 1 hr i.v. infusion and 72 hr continuous i.v. infusion administration schedules.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation, multicenter study.

Patients receive KRN5500 IV over 24-72 hours on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 1-3 patients receive KRN5500 at the starting dose over escalating infusion durations. After the longest duration of infusion time is safely reached, cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of KRN5500 until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Once the MTD is determined, additional patients are accrued to receive treatment with KRN5500 at the recommended phase II dose.

Patients are followed every 4 weeks until resolution of all toxicity.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 20-40 patients will be accrued for this study within 9-12 months.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Metastatic or inoperable malignancy, other than leukemia or a primary CNS tumor, for which there is no known curative or survival prolonging palliative therapy, or all such therapies have failed
  • Life expectancy >= 2 months
  • ECOG performance status =< 2
  • WBC >= 3,000/mm^3
  • ANC >= 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mm^3
  • SGOT ≤ 2.5-times the upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • SGPT ≤ 2.5-times the ULN
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dl
  • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/dl
  • ECG showing no evidence of acute ischemia or serious conduction abnormality
  • >= 2 weeks since major surgery
  • >= 3 weeks since chemotherapy or radiation therapy, except for nitrosoureas and mitomycin-C, in which case the interval shall be 6 weeks
  • Women of childbearing potential must not be pregnant or lactating; all women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L of β-HCG) within 72 hr prior to receiving the study medication; KRN5500 has antiproliferative effects which may be harmful to the developing fetus or nursing infant
  • Fertile males and females must use adequate contraception
  • Central venous catheter placed at least one day prior to treatment
  • Signed informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • A serious uncontrolled medical disorder or active infection that would impair the ability of the patient to receive study treatment
  • Uncontrolled or significant pulmonary or cardiovascular disease, including a recent (6 months or less) myocardial infarction, any significant degree of congestive heart failure with or without medical treatment, any history of clinically significant atrial or ventricular arrhythmias, any history of second or third degree heart block, or prolonged QTc interval (greater than 450 ms) on electrocardiogram
  • Active brain metastases including evidence of cerebral edema by CT scan or MRI, or progression from prior imaging study, any requirement for steroids, or clinical symptoms related to brain metastases
  • A psychiatric illness that precludes the ability to provide informed consent
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00017238

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Joseph Eder Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00017238     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-03132, 00-102, U01CA062490
Study First Received: June 6, 2001
Last Updated: January 10, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 18, 2014