Chemotherapy and Vaccine Therapy Followed by Bone Marrow or Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation and Interleukin-2 in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Refractory Brain Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00014573
First received: April 10, 2001
Last updated: April 5, 2013
Last verified: April 2013
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining chemotherapy with bone marrow or peripheral stem cell transplantation may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill more tumor cells. Vaccines made from a person's white blood cells and tumor cells may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. Interleukin-2 may stimulate a person's white blood cells to kill tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy and vaccine therapy followed by bone marrow or peripheral stem cell transplantation and interleukin-2 in treating patients who have recurrent or refractory brain cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors
Biological: aldesleukin
Biological: autologous tumor cell vaccine
Biological: filgrastim
Biological: sargramostim
Biological: therapeutic autologous lymphocytes
Drug: carmustine
Drug: cisplatin
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Drug: paclitaxel
Procedure: autologous bone marrow transplantation
Procedure: conventional surgery
Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial Of High Dose Cyclophosphamide, Cisplatin And Carmustine With Stem Cell Reconstitution Followed By Specific Cellular Therapy In Patients With Recurrent Or Refractory Brain Tumors

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute:

Study Start Date: August 1998
Study Completion Date: October 2004
Primary Completion Date: October 2004 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine the effectiveness of induction paclitaxel and cyclophosphamide followed by autologous tumor cell vaccine and sargramostim (GM-CSF) followed by high-dose chemotherapy with cisplatin, cyclophosphamide, and carmustine, autologous bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, and interleukin-2 in patients with recurrent or refractory primary high-grade brain tumors.
  • Determine the safety and toxicity of this regimen in these patients.
  • Determine if a specific quantitative cellular response can be elicited in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: After partial surgical resection of tumor, patients receive induction chemotherapy comprising paclitaxel IV over 3 hours and cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on day 1. Patients also receive filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously (SC) daily beginning on day 3 and continuing until peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) or bone marrow collection is completed.

After the collection of PBSC or bone marrow, patients receive autologous tumor cell vaccine and sargramostim (GM-CSF) SC once every 2 weeks for up to 5 vaccinations. Two weeks after the last vaccination, patients undergo a second leukapheresis to collect lymphocytes.

After completion of the second leukapheresis, patients receive high-dose chemotherapy comprising cisplatin IV continuously over 24 hours on day -5, cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days -5, -4, and -3, and carmustine IV over 2 hours on day -2. Patients undergo autologous bone marrow or PBSC transplantation on day 0. Patients receive G-CSF IV daily beginning on day 0 and continuing until blood counts recover.

Approximately 12 weeks after bone marrow or PBSC transplantation, patients receive autologous lymphocytes IV over 2-5 hours. Patients also receive interleukin-2 IV once every other day for 10 days.

Patients are followed at 18, 24, 36, 40, and 52 weeks.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 30 patients will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed active recurrent or refractory primary high-grade brain tumor

    • Tumor must be surgically accessible
  • Bidimensionally measurable disease by clinical exam, CT scan, or x-ray

    • Disease must be outside a previously irradiated field or have progressed or developed after radiotherapy
    • Previously treated metastatic bony lesions are not considered measurable
    • No previously irradiated metastatic disease site unless no response or clear progression on imaging

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • 65 and under

Performance status:

  • CALGB 0-2

Life expectancy:

  • More than 3 months

Hematopoietic:

  • Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm^3

Hepatic:

  • Liver function less than 2.5 times normal unless due to disease
  • No active hepatitis B or C

Renal:

  • Creatinine less than 1.5 mg/dL
  • Creatinine clearance greater than 60 mL/min

Cardiovascular:

  • Left ventricular ejection fraction greater than 50% by MUGA or 2-D echocardiogram
  • Electrocardiogram normal

Pulmonary:

  • FEV1 and DLCO greater than 50% predicted OR
  • Clearance by pulmonologist

Other:

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • HIV negative
  • No serious underlying co-morbid disease or other medical or psychiatric factor that would preclude study
  • Able to be weaned off steroids after surgery

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy:

  • Recovered from prior conventional chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • No concurrent steroid therapy for mass effect

Radiotherapy:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Recovered from prior conventional radiotherapy

Surgery:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00014573

Locations
United States, Michigan
Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201-1379
Sponsors and Collaborators
Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
Investigators
Study Chair: Esteban Abella, MD Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00014573     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000068559, P30CA022453, WSU-D-1654, WSU-07-92-98-P04-FB, NCI-G01-1937
Study First Received: April 10, 2001
Last Updated: April 5, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute:
childhood infratentorial ependymoma
childhood supratentorial ependymoma
childhood central nervous system germ cell tumor
recurrent adult brain tumor
adult brain stem glioma
adult medulloblastoma
adult glioblastoma
childhood high-grade cerebral astrocytoma
adult anaplastic astrocytoma
childhood choroid plexus tumor
childhood grade III meningioma
adult anaplastic ependymoma
adult mixed glioma
adult central nervous system germ cell tumor
adult ependymoblastoma
recurrent childhood brain stem glioma
recurrent childhood supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor
recurrent childhood cerebral astrocytoma
recurrent childhood medulloblastoma
adult choroid plexus tumor
recurrent childhood ependymoma
adult grade III meningioma
adult giant cell glioblastoma
adult gliosarcoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Nervous System Diseases
Carmustine
Cisplatin
Cyclophosphamide
Alkylating Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Antirheumatic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Myeloablative Agonists
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014