Gemcitabine Alone or in Combination With Other Chemotherapy Drugs in Treating Patients With Metastatic Cancer of the Pancreas

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology ( Cancer and Leukemia Group B )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00012220
First received: March 3, 2001
Last updated: October 8, 2013
Last verified: October 2013
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known if gemcitabine is more effective when given alone or in combination with another chemotherapy drug in treating cancer of the pancreas.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to compare the effectiveness of gemcitabine given alone or in combination with other chemotherapy drugs in treating patients who have metastatic cancer of the pancreas.


Condition Intervention Phase
Pancreatic Cancer
Drug: cisplatin
Drug: docetaxel
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
Drug: irinotecan hydrochloride
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase II Study Of Gemcitabine/Cisplatin, Gemcitabine/Docetaxel, Gemcitabine/Irinotecan, Or Fixed Dose Rate Infusion Gemcitabine In Patients With Metastic Pancreatic Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 4 years post treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to disease progression [ Time Frame: treatment up to 4 years post treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Toxicity [ Time Frame: treatment and up to 4 years post treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 259
Study Start Date: January 2001
Study Completion Date: April 2009
Primary Completion Date: June 2004 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Gemcitabine
Standard treatment
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride

Gemcitabine only arm: 1500 mg/sq m in 250 mL NS IV infusion over 150 min Days 1, 8, & 15 of ea cycle

  • cisplastin arm: 1000 mg/sq m 250 mL NS IV infusion over 30 min Days 1, 8, 15 of ea cycle
  • docetaxel and + irinotecan arms: 1000 mg/sq m in 250 mL NS IV infusion over 30 min Days 1 & 8 of ea cycle
Experimental: Gemcitabine + cisplastin
Addition of cisplastin to gemcitabine
Drug: cisplatin
50 mg/sq m IV infusion over 30 min on Days 1 & 15 of ea cycle
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride

Gemcitabine only arm: 1500 mg/sq m in 250 mL NS IV infusion over 150 min Days 1, 8, & 15 of ea cycle

  • cisplastin arm: 1000 mg/sq m 250 mL NS IV infusion over 30 min Days 1, 8, 15 of ea cycle
  • docetaxel and + irinotecan arms: 1000 mg/sq m in 250 mL NS IV infusion over 30 min Days 1 & 8 of ea cycle
Experimental: Gemcitabine + docetaxel
Addition of docetaxel to gemcitabine
Drug: docetaxel
40 mg/sq m IV infusion over 60 min on Days 1 & 8 of ea treatment cycle
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride

Gemcitabine only arm: 1500 mg/sq m in 250 mL NS IV infusion over 150 min Days 1, 8, & 15 of ea cycle

  • cisplastin arm: 1000 mg/sq m 250 mL NS IV infusion over 30 min Days 1, 8, 15 of ea cycle
  • docetaxel and + irinotecan arms: 1000 mg/sq m in 250 mL NS IV infusion over 30 min Days 1 & 8 of ea cycle
Experimental: Gemcitabine + Irinotecan
Addition of irinotecan to gemcitabine
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride

Gemcitabine only arm: 1500 mg/sq m in 250 mL NS IV infusion over 150 min Days 1, 8, & 15 of ea cycle

  • cisplastin arm: 1000 mg/sq m 250 mL NS IV infusion over 30 min Days 1, 8, 15 of ea cycle
  • docetaxel and + irinotecan arms: 1000 mg/sq m in 250 mL NS IV infusion over 30 min Days 1 & 8 of ea cycle
Drug: irinotecan hydrochloride
100 mg/q m in 500 mL D5W or D5NS IV infusion over 90 min Days 1 & 8 of ea cycle

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Compare the overall survival rate of patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer treated with gemcitabine alone vs with cisplatin vs with docetaxel vs with irinotecan.
  • Compare the time to disease progression in patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare the CA 19-9 biomarker response in patients treated with these regimens.
  • Correlate the CA 19-9 biomarker response with survival in patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare the toxicity of these regimens in these patients.
  • Compare the response in patients with measurable disease treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are randomized to one of four treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15 followed by cisplatin IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 15. Treatment repeats every 28 days for at least 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Arm II: Patients receive gemcitabine IV over 150 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15. Treatment repeats every 28 days for at least 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Arm III: Patients receive gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes followed by docetaxel IV over 60 minutes on days 1 and 8. Treatment repeats every 21 days for at least 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Arm IV: Patients receive gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes followed by irinotecan IV over 90 minutes on days 1 and 8. Treatment repeats every 21 days for at least 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year and then every 6 months for 3 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 240 patients (60 per arm) will be accrued for this study within 30 months.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the pancreas
  • Metastatic disease by CT scan

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • 18 and over

Performance status:

  • CTC 0-2

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic:

  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3

Hepatic:

  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 mg/dL
  • SGOT no greater than 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alkaline phosphatase less than 2.5 times ULN if SGOT greater than 1.5 times ULN
  • Alkaline phosphatase any value if SGOT less than 1.5 times ULN

Renal:

  • Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL

Other:

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 3 months after study
  • No other currently active malignancy (completed therapy and considered to be at less than 30% risk of relapse) except non-melanoma skin cancer

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy:

  • No prior chemotherapy except fluorouracil (5-FU)
  • At least 2 weeks since prior 5-FU
  • No other concurrent chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • No concurrent hormonal therapy except steroids for adrenal failure, hormonal therapy for non-disease related conditions (e.g., insulin for diabetes), or intermittent use of dexamethasone as an antiemetic

Radiotherapy:

  • At least 2 weeks since prior radiotherapy
  • No concurrent palliative radiotherapy except whole-brain irradiation for CNS disease

Surgery:

  • Not specified
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00012220

  Show 76 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Cancer and Leukemia Group B
Investigators
Study Chair: Matthew Kulke, MD Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Kulke MH, Niedzwiecki D, Tempero MA, et al.: A randomized phase II study of gemcitabine/cisplatin, gemcitabine fixed dose rate infusion, gemcitabine/docetaxel, or gemcitabine/irinotecan in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer (CALGB 89904). [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 22 (Suppl 14): A-4011, 316s, 2004.

Responsible Party: Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology ( Cancer and Leukemia Group B )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00012220     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000068495, U10CA031946, CALGB-89904
Study First Received: March 3, 2001
Last Updated: October 8, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:
adenocarcinoma of the pancreas
stage IV pancreatic cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Gemcitabine
Irinotecan
Docetaxel
Cisplatin
Camptothecin
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 15, 2014