Monoclonal Antibody Treatment of Crohn's Disease

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00007163
First received: December 9, 2000
Last updated: March 3, 2008
Last verified: November 2002
  Purpose

This study will examine the safety and effectiveness of an experimental drug called J695 for treating patients with Crohn's disease-a long-term recurring inflammation of the small and large intestine. This disease is currently treated with steroids, sulfasalazine (Azulfidine), 5-ASA drugs (Pentasa, Asacol), immune suppressants, antibiotics, and an antibody against TNF-alpha. Despite the number and variety of available therapies for Crohn's disease, many patients do not respond adequately to treatment or they develop severe side effects from the medicines. Therefore, new treatments must be developed. J695 is an antibody that is identical to a human antibody but chemically changed so that it can attach to and eliminate an inflammatory chemical made by the body called interleukin-12 (IL-12). Animal studies have shown that eliminating IL-12 with an antibody can prevent inflammation in the gut and can also heal inflammation that has already developed.

Patients 18 years of age and older who have had Crohn's disease for at least 4 months may be eligible for this study. Candidates will be screened with a medical history and physical examination, electrocardiogram, chest X-ray, blood and urine tests, stool analysis and possibly a review of medical records. They will complete a Crohn's Disease Activity Index Questionnaire for 7 days. Participants will be randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups, as follows:

Group 1

Patients in this group will receive an injection of either J695 or placebo (a solution that does not contain any active medicine) under the skin on day 1 of the study, on day 29, and then weekly for a total of seven injections. After the last injection, patients will be followed for an additional 18 weeks. They will be monitored periodically throughout the study with physical examinations, disease activity index scores, and blood and urine tests.

Group 2

Patients in group 2 will receive an injection of J695 or placebo on day 1 of the study and then weekly for a total of six injections. They will be followed for an additional 18 weeks. Patients will be monitored as described above for group 1.

Participants may be asked to undergo additional tests as part of a sub-study in this protocol. These include colonoscopies to examine changes in inflammation in the gut and blood tests to analyze changes in the cells and body chemicals that affect the inflammation.


Condition Intervention Phase
Crohn's Disease
Drug: J695
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Dose-Finding, Safety Study of Two Parallel Dose Levels of Subcutaneously Administered Human Monoclonal Antibody to Interleukin-12 (J695) in Patients With Active Crohn's Disease

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: December 2000
Estimated Study Completion Date: November 2002
Detailed Description:

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety of and the clinical response to a human monoclonal anti-interleukin-12 antibody (J695) administered to patients with Crohn's disease. Crohn's disease, an incurable, chronic, relapsing inflammation of the small and large intestine, affects approximately 500,000 people in the United States. The disease is characterized by full-thickness involvement of the gut wall leading to episodes of abdominal pain, diarrhea, hematochezia, weight loss and complications such as bowel obstruction, fistula formation and extraintestinal manifestations. The rationale for this study is based on two compelling observations. First, despite the standard therapeutic use of steroids, aminosalicylates, antibiotics, antimetabolite immunosuppressants (6-MP, methotrexate), and early agents of the emerging biologics class of drugs (anti-TNF alpha antibodies, e.g.), the treatment of Crohn's disease is still troubled by loss of effectiveness of standard therapy over time, outright nonresponsiveness, and serious medication side effects. For these reasons newer agents for the treatment of Crohn's disease need to be developed and tested. Second, studies in both animals and humans support a central role for IL-12 in the gut inflammatory response in Crohn's disease. Administration of anti-IL-12 antibodies in animal models has prevented inducible or ameliorated established colitis. For these reasons IL-12 is an appropriate therapeutic target for the treatment of Crohn's disease.

This study proposes to measure the toxicity and clinical effect of two doses of anti-IL-12 (J695) administered subcutaneously to patients with moderately active Crohn's disease. The primary outcome measure is the rate and severity of adverse events. Secondary outcome measures include J695 pharmacodynamics, incidence of anti-J695 antibodies, and clinical response. A separate substudy at the NIH will measure gut lymphocyte apoptosis and gut and peripheral blood cytokine responses to study drug as well as endoscopic and histologic response to treatment. Our short-term goal is to assure good tolerance of anti-IL-12 treatment regimens in Crohn's disease patients and observe a beneficial clinical response. The long-term goal of this study is to establish anti-IL-12 as an effective alternative with a low risk profile in the therapeutic armamentarium for Crohn's disease.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

INCLUSION CRITERIA

All subjects must have a verifiable diagnosis of Crohn's disease of at least 4 months' duration. The diagnosis must be supported by characteristic 1) clinical features (symptomatic or endoscopic) or radiographic findings and 2) histopathologic changes.

All subjects must be over age 18.

Subjects must be male or female who are surgically sterile (hysterectomy and/or bilateral oophorectomy), have a history of tubal ligation, or are post-menopausal with greater than or equal to 12 months duration of spontaneous amenorrhea.

Subjects are eligible if the Crohn's disease is mildly to moderately active based on a Crohn's Disease Activity Index score between 220 and 450 (with a diarrhea rating or abdominal pain rating greater than or equal to 25).

If currently receiving any medications for Crohn's disease, subjects may only be on a stable regimen of one or a combination of the following drug doses and durations:

Antibiotic therapy greater than or equal to 2 weeks,

Corticosteroids (less than or equal to 20 mg Prednisone/d, or Prednisone equivalent) greater than or equal to 4 weeks,

5-ASA/Sulfasalazine greater than or equal to 4 weeks,

Azathioprine/6-MP greater than or equal to 8 weeks,

(Note: patients receiving azathioprine or 6-MP must have been receiving these medications for greater than or equal to 12 weeks before randomization).

Use of prophylactic methods of birth control throughout the study period for male and female subjects who are not surgically sterile or postmenopausal: abstinence or barrier methods for male subjects, use of additional form of contraception (abstinence, barrier or hormal method) for women of child-bearing potential with a history of tubal ligation, and use of two forms of contraception for women of child-bearing potential who had been enrolled in this study prior to knowledge of the developmental toxicity data in monkeys.

Women of child-bearing potential (women who are not surgically sterile or postmenopausal) must have a negative serum Beta-hCG to exclude early pregnancy.

Subjects must have negative results on stool examination for culture of enteric pathogens (Salmonella, Shigella, Yersinia, Campylobacter, Vibrio, E. coli O157/H7), Clostridia difficile toxin assay, enteric parasites and their ova (including Cryptosporidia).

Subjects must have a chest X-ray free of changes consistent with any infections or malignancy.

Subjects who cannot meet the above requirements are excluded.

Subjects using any of the following medications within the specified time period prior to the first dose of study drug or at any time during the study are excluded:

NSAIDs/COX-2 inhibitors/ greater than 500 mg/d aspirin within 24 hours,

Corticosteroid enema or 5-ASA enema or suppositories within 7 days,

Corticosteroids (greater than 20 mg Prednisone/d or Prednisone equivalent) within 4 weeks,

Methotrexate, Cyclosporin, Tacrolimus (FK506), Thalidomide, Etanercept (Enbrel), Mycophenolate mofetil (CellCept), or any biological therapy,

Monoclonal antibodies to TNF within 4 months,

Any experimental agent within 1 month.

Subjects with multiple bowel resections (greater than or equal to 200 cm) AND enteral or parenteral therapy to maintain weight are excluded.

Subjects with use of any other investigational agent within 30 days of randomization for this study are excluded.

Subjects must not have any of the following abnormalities on an electrocardiogram: QT(c) greater than 0.48 sec, Mobitz type II second or third degree atrioventricular block, left bundle branch block or right bundle branch block with any fascicular block, changes consistent with acute ischemia.

Subjects with moderate persistent asthma defined as the presence of one of these features are excluded:

Clinical features before treatment: Daily symptoms, exacerbations affect activity and sleep, nighttime asthma symptoms greater than 1 time a week, peak expiratory flow (PEF) or forced expiratory volume (FEV1) greater than 60% to less then 80% of predicted, variability greater than 30%;

Daily medication required to maintain control: Daily controller medications (especially for nighttime symptoms): inhaled corticosteroids or long-acting bronchodilators.

Subjects with severe persistent asthma defined as the presence of one of the features listed below are excluded:

Clinical features before treatment: Continuous symptoms, frequent exacerbations, frequent nighttime asthma symptoms, physical activities limited by asthma symptoms, PEF or FEV(1) less than 60% predicted, variability greater than 30%;

Daily medication required to maintain control: Multiple daily controller medications (long-term): high-dose inhaled corticosteroids, long-acting bronchodilators and oral corticosteroids.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA

Subjects with a history of tuberculosis or BCG vaccination are excluded.

Subjects with a diagnosis of ulcerative colitis are excluded.

Subjects with Cushing's syndrome are excluded.

Subjects with a current ileostomy or colostomy are excluded.

Subjects with current active bowel obstruction, intestinal perforation, significant GI hemorrhage, or known presence of high grade stricture are excluded.

Subjects with HIV positivity or signs and symptoms consistent with HIV infection are excluded.

Subjects with acute systemic or intestinal infection requiring antibiotics are excluded.

Subjects with active hepatitis B or C are excluded.

Subjects with decompensated liver disease (Childs-Pugh class B or C) are excluded.

Subjects with any of the following are excluded:

Hematocrit less than 30%,

Platelet count greater than 700,000,

Serum creatinine or BUN greater than 1.5 times the upper limit of normal,

ALT (SGPT) or AST (SGOT) greater than 2 times the upper limit of normal,

Total bilirubin greater than 1.25 times the upper limit of normal,

Alkaline phosphatase greater than 1.5 times the upper limit of normal.

Pregnant or nursing women are excluded.

Subjects with a history of cancer (other than resected cutaneous basal or squamous cell carcinoma; and in situ cervical cancer) with less than 5 years documentation of a disease-free state are excluded.

Subjects with a history of myocardial infarction within the last 12 months are excluded.

Subjects expected to require surgery for their Crohn's disease within 12 weeks of study entry are excluded.

Subjects with a condition that, in the investigator's opinion, places the patient at undue risk by participating in the study are excluded.

Subjects with a history of anaphylactic reaction to anti-TNF alpha therapy are excluded.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00007163

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00007163     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 010040, 01-I-0040
Study First Received: December 9, 2000
Last Updated: March 3, 2008
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Immunosuppression
Recombinant IgG1
Apoptosis
Interferon Gamma
Colonoscopy
Crohn's Disease
Immunotherapy
IL-12

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Crohn Disease
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Gastroenteritis
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 31, 2014