Capravirine to Treat Children With HIV Infection

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00006519
First received: November 23, 2000
Last updated: July 10, 2006
Last verified: October 2004
  Purpose

This study will test the safety, side effects and anti-HIV activity of different doses of capravirine in children and adolescents with HIV infection. Capravirine belongs to a class of drugs called non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs), which prevent the virus from replicating (making more copies of itself). Other NNRTIs are nevirapine, delavirdine and efavirenz.

HIV-infected children between the ages of 4 months and 21 years may be eligible for this study if they: 1) have received less than 6 weeks of treatment with antiretroviral drugs; 2) have not benefited from antiretroviral therapy after 12 weeks of treatment; 3) cannot continue antiretroviral treatment because of harmful side effects.

For the first week of the study, participants will have a 1-week "washout period" in which they will receive no anti-HIV therapy. During this time, they will have physical, eye and neuropsychologic examinations, blood and urine tests, echocardiogram, electrocardiogram (EKG), chest X-ray, head CT scan and skin tests. These physical exams and tests will be repeated throughout the study to determine changes in health.

After the washout period, patients will take capravirine once a day in the morning for 6 days. After each dose, a small amount of blood will be drawn at 8 different times over 12 hours to measure the activity of the drug and HIV blood levels. A heparin lock will be placed in the vein to avoid multiple needlesticks. After the 6 days of capravirine there will be another washout period, this time for 21 days. During this time, doctors will determine the optimum combination therapy for the individual patient.

After the second washout, patients will begin combination therapy with capravirine plus at least two other anti-HIV medicines. (These may include a reverse transcriptase inhibitor such as zidovudine, didanosine, lamuvidine, zalcitabine, or stavudine, and maybe one or more protease inhibitors such as ritonavir, nelfinavir, saquinavir, indinavir or amprenavir.) For the first week, patients will have a daily blood test to determine HIV blood levels. Afterwards, treatment will continue on an outpatient basis with clinic visits every 4 to 8 weeks for physical exams, lab tests and other procedures as required. The study will last approximately 48 weeks. Patients who benefit from capravirine therapy may be able to continue to receive the drug from the drug company sponsor or as part of another study, or the protocol for this study may be amended to lengthen the treatment period.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infection
Drug: Capravirine
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of Capravirine (AG 1549), a Novel Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor in Children With HIV Infection

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 96
Study Start Date: November 2000
Estimated Study Completion Date: October 2004
Detailed Description:

This is a pediatric phase I dose escalation study to determine a biologically active dose and to obtain information concerning the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of capravirine (AG 1549)(5-[(3,5-dichlorophenyl)thio]-4-(1-methylethyl)-1-(4-pyridinylmethyl)-1H-imidazol-2-methanol carbamate), a potent non-nucleoside HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitor, that induces a novel pattern of resistance mutations. In addition to obtaining needed biological activity, pediatric safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic data, the study will utilize capravirine's potent antiretroviral activity and novel resistance mutation pattern, together with serial measurements of plasma HIV viral load, flow cytometry, and genotypic and phenotypic viral resistance analysis to conduct pilot studies in pediatric HIV pathogenesis, the response to antiretroviral therapy, and to develop strategies to optimize the management of pediatric antiretroviral therapy. We will also use initial viral decay dynamics and other patient characteristics to model predictions for the long-term response to antiretroviral therapy. We will enroll children who have become refractory to or have experienced toxicity on prior therapy. The study will include resistance testing on the failing regimen, a one week period off antiretrovirals (washout period), an initial 6 days of capravirine monotherapy followed by capravirine in combination with the optimal antiretroviral therapy as determined by their baseline viral resistance mutation pattern and history. The patients will be followed for at least 48 weeks to assess long-term tolerability and toxicity, and to assess the clinical, virological, and immunological response to capravirine.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Age: Two age groups will be enrolled and studied separately.

Group 1: 4 months to less than 2 years.

Group 2: 2 years to less than 21 years.

Gender and Ethnicity: There will be no restriction as to genderor ethnicity. A resonable effort will be made to include chldren of both genders and all ethnic backgrounds.

HIV-infected children between the ages of 4 months and 21 years.

An indication for treatment with antiretrovirals.

One of the following: Children failing current treatment after at least 12 weeks of therapy as defined by the most recent Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Agents in n Pediatric HIV Infection or accepted practice OR Intolerant to or are showing evidence of toxicity from other antiretroviral treatments.

HIV RNA greater than or equal to 5,000 copies per/mL within the past 3 months (may be from outside institution).

Women of childbearing age must agree to avoid becoming pregnant while on study and for 4 months afterwards.

Hematologic Function:

Total WBC greater than 1,500/mm(3),

Absolute neutrophil count greater than 750/mm(3),

Hemoglobin greater than 8.0 gm/dL, and

Platelet count greater than 75,000/mm(3) at study entry.

Hepatic Function:

Liver transaminases must be less than or equal to 3.0 times the upper limit of normal;

Serum amylase less than 1.5 times the upper limit of normal and if abnormal, fractionated pancreatic amylase less than 45 U/L;

Lipase less than 1.5 times the upper limit of normal;

Creatinine phosphokinase (CPK) less than 2.5 times the upper limit of normal.

Renal Function:

Patients must have an age-adjusted normal serum creatinine OR a creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 70 mL/min/1.73:

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Therapeutic regimens including:

Immunomodulating agents (within 30 days of entry), other than GCSF, erythropoeitin, corticosteroids, IVIG, or anti-D;

Treatment with chemotherapeutic agents (including hydroxyurea) or radiation therapy within the past 6 weeks;

Current chronic use of medications known to inhibit or induce cytochrome P450, including but not limited to: isoniazid, rifampin, rifabutin, astemizole, terfenadine, cisapride, triazolam, midazolam, nifedipine, diltiazem, verapamil, cimetidine, dexamethasone, carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital, propoxyphene, quinidine, amiodarone, or ergot alkaloids, azole antifungals (ketoconazole, fluconazole, itraconazole), or macrolide antibiotics (erythromycin, clarithromycin);

Current use of highly plasma protein bound drugs including but not limited to, warfarin and phenytoin;

Current use, or use within the last 28 days, of any investigational agent.

Clinically significant, unrelated systemic illness (serious infections or significant cardiac, pulmonary, hepatic or other organ dysfunction) which in the judgement of the Principal Investigator or Chairperson would compromise the patient's ability to tolerate this therapy or is likely to interfere with the study procedures or results will be excluded.

Weighting less than 10 kg.

Pregnant or breast feeding females will be excluded.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00006519

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00006519     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 010025, 01-C-0025
Study First Received: November 23, 2000
Last Updated: July 10, 2006
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Pharmacokinetic
Pediatric AIDS
Resistance Testing
Combination Therapy
Viral Drug Dynamics
Treatment Experienced

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Communicable Diseases
HIV Infections
Infection
Immune System Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Slow Virus Diseases
Virus Diseases
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Pharmacologic Actions
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 29, 2014