Trends in Trans-Fatty Acid Intake Between 1980 and 1997

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00006500
First received: November 16, 2000
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: April 2004
  Purpose

To examine trends in trans-fatty acid intake by using newly available nutrient data to recalculate 24 dietary recalls from the Minnesota Heart Survey.


Condition
Cardiovascular Diseases
Coronary Disease
Heart Diseases

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Defined Population

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: April 2000
Estimated Study Completion Date: March 2002
Detailed Description:

BACKGROUND:

In recent years concern has arisen about the potential health hazards of trans-fatty acids in the American diet. Dietary intake of trans-fatty acids has been linked to unhealthy shifts in serum lipid profiles and to coronary heart disease (CHD) in a number of studies. Although several studies have estimated intakes of trans-fatty acids in U.S. populations, presently data is lacking regarding trends in intake of trans-fatty acids in the population. Furthermore, it is unclear how trends in intake of trans-fatty acids may be related to changes in other dietary and non-dietary CHD risk factors and CHD mortality.

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

The study used newly available nutrient data to recalculate dietary data collected as part of the Minnesota Heart Survey (MHS) to examine trends in intake of trans-fatty acids. The MHS was an ongoing observational epidemiologic study of trends in risk factors and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality among independent cross-sectional probability samples of the Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota, metropolitan area. Surveys were conducted in 1980-1982, 1985-1987, 1990-1992 and 1995-1997. Diet was among the CVD risk factors measured as part of each survey. In this research, 24-hour dietary recalls collected from MHS participants were recalculated using an updated food and nutrient database that included trans-fatty acid values (16:1, 18:1, 18:2, and total). Intake estimates resulting from recalculation were analyzed to examine temporal trends in trans-fatty acid intake between 1980 and 1997, and to examine the relationship of temporal trends in trans-fatty acid intake to temporal changes in other dietary and non-dietary CHD risk factors and changes in CHD mortality. The MHS data provided a unique opportunity to examine a dietary constituent only recently recognized as a potential risk factor for CHD.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

No eligibility criteria

  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00006500

Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Investigator: Lisa Harnack University of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00006500     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 941
Study First Received: November 16, 2000
Last Updated: June 23, 2005
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Coronary Disease
Coronary Artery Disease
Heart Diseases
Myocardial Ischemia
Vascular Diseases
Arteriosclerosis
Arterial Occlusive Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014