Chronic Life Stress and Incident Asthma in Adult Women

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00006498
First received: November 16, 2000
Last updated: January 27, 2006
Last verified: January 2006
  Purpose

To prospectively examine the association between a specific chronic life stressor (i.e., intimate violence exposure) and adult asthma in women.


Condition
Asthma
Lung Diseases

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Longitudinal

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: September 2000
Estimated Study Completion Date: August 2005
Detailed Description:

BACKGROUND:

Etiologies of the rising prevalence and morbidity of asthma are not well understood. Knowledge gaps are particularly significant with respect to adult-onset asthma. The role of stress in the expression of asthma is largely unexplored in large-scale, prospective, epidemiologic studies and such investigation has been identified as a priority by a recent NHLBI expert panel.

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

The study prospectively examines the association between a specific chronic life stressor (i.e., intimate violence exposure) and adult asthma in women participating in the Nurses' Health Study II cohort. Emerging epidemiologic data suggest that exposure to intimate violence is a pervasive chronic life stressor associated with adverse impact on womens' psychological and physical health. Traumatic stress such as that related to intimate violence exposure has been associated with neuroendocrine changes known to cause alterations in neuroendocrine and immune functions important to the pathophysiology of inflammatory diseases including asthma. The investigators are testing the hypothesis that women exposed to high-level chronic stress (violence) will be at greater risk for asthma development than women with low-level stress (violence) exposure. The influence of chronic stress on neuroendocrine and immune function as reflected in morning cortisol expression, for the former, and cytokine profiles and IgE production (T-helper cell polarization), for the latter, will also be examined in a nested case control fashion among these women.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

No eligibility criteria

  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00006498

Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Investigator: Rosalind Wright Brigham and Women's Hospital
  More Information

No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00006498     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 939
Study First Received: November 16, 2000
Last Updated: January 27, 2006
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Asthma
Lung Diseases
Bronchial Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Respiratory Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Hypersensitivity
Immune System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 02, 2014