Acute Glycemic Effects of a Very Low Fat Diet in Type 2 Diabetes

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Duke University
Procter and Gamble
Jenny Craig, Inc.
Information provided by:
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00006432
First received: November 3, 2000
Last updated: June 22, 2007
Last verified: June 2007
  Purpose

There is some consensus that high fat diets can contribute to the development of obesity and type 2 diabetes in humans and animals. An increase in dietary fat has been shown to produce obesity and diabetes in mice; such diet-induced diabetes can be reversed by reducing the fat in the diet. In humans, there is some evidence that low-fat diets can produce acute improvements in blood sugar control in type 2 diabetes-even in the absence of weight loss. In most human studies, however, dietary fat reduction has been accompanied by a reduction in total calorie intake. It is thus not possible to separate the effects of these 2 metabolic changes. The purpose of this study is to gather preliminary information on the effect of a very-low-fat diet on blood metabolism in persons with type 2 diabetes. The design incorporates controlled feeding procedures, and 30 men and women with type 2 diabetes will be given all foods for 4 weeks--a 2-week diet standardization period (diet composition: 35% fat, 15% protein, 50% carbohydrate), followed by a 2-week experimental diet period. The experimental diet conditions are A) continuation of the moderately-high-fat standardization diet, or B) a very-low-fat diet composed of 10% fat, 15% protein, 75% carbohydrate. Outcomes will be measured after the standardization and the experimental periods. The primary outcome variable is fasting plasma glucose; secondary outcomes are fasting insulin, carbohydrate (meal) tolerance, insulin secretion and blood lipids. In addition, we will gather descriptive data on the potential acceptability and utility of a very-low-fat diet constructed using the fat substitute, olestra (sucrose polyester). There are no results yet.


Condition Intervention
Diabetes Mellitus, Non-Insulin-Dependent
Procedure: very low fat diet

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Masking: Single Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Center for Research Resources (NCRR):

Study Start Date: January 2000
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   45 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Type 2 diabetes, not tightly controlled at present
  • Not using medication (insulin or oral) to control blood sugar
  • Overweight, but generally healthy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00006432

Locations
United States, North Carolina
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
Sponsors and Collaborators
Duke University
Procter and Gamble
Jenny Craig, Inc.
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Richard S. Surwit, Ph.D.
  More Information

No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00006432     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCRR-M01RR00030-0152, M01RR00030
Study First Received: November 3, 2000
Last Updated: June 22, 2007
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 21, 2014