Achilles Tendon Lengthening in Patients With Diabetes to Prevent Foot Ulcers
People with diabetes often develop severe skin problems (ulcers) on their feet. Sometimes these are treated with surgery and other times by temporarily immobilizing the foot in a cast. This study compares the effect of surgery to lengthen the Achilles tendon and put the foot in a cast, to using a cast alone. The study will also examine how foot strength, joint movement, and overall ability to walk, balance and climb stairs is affected.
Procedure: Achilles tendon-lengthening surgery
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Controlled Clinical Trial Comparing the Effect of an Achilles Tendon Lengthening Procedure and Casting to Casting Alone for the Treatment of Neuropathic Forefoot Plantar Ulcers in Patients With Diabetes Mellitus|
|Study Start Date:||August 1998|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||May 2003|
Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and peripheral neuropathy are at high risk for forefoot plantar ulcers and subsequent lower extremity amputation. Total contact casting currently is the most effective treatment for healing neuropathic plantar ulcers but ulcer recurrence is high (30-50%) when patients discontinue casting and resume walking. An equinus deformity (limited ankle dorsiflexion range-of-motion) is associated with these recurrent ulcers. Although descriptive evidence indicates an Achilles lengthening procedure (which corrects the equinus deformity) can improve healing rates in these chronic ulcers, there have been no controlled studies.
This randomized prospective controlled clinical trial will determine if percutaneous Achilles lengthening and total contact casting is more effective than total contact casting alone in healing forefoot plantar ulcers (n=30/group will allow detection of 25% effect with power of 0.8 at alpha level of 0.05). Secondary purposes are to determine the effects of casting and percutaneous lengthening on measures of impairments, functional limitations, and disability in patients with DM and peripheral neuropathy. The specific aims of this project are to determine the effect of the Achilles lengthening procedure on patients with DM, peripheral neuropathy, a forefoot ulcer, and an equinus deformity in regards to 1) Wound healing, 2) Impairments (dorsiflexion range-of-motion, plantar flexor muscle performance), 3) Functional Limitations (Physical Performance Test, Functional Reach, walking ability), and 4) Disability (SF36). The results will have important implications for prevention of wound infection and lower extremity amputation; and improvement in impairments, functional limitations, and disability in this group of high risk patients with chronic disease. Approximately 30 patients will be recruited for each of the treatment groups.
|United States, Missouri|
|Barnes-Jewish Hospital, Orthopedic Surgery|
|St. Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110|
|Principal Investigator:||Michael J. Mueller, Ph.D., P.T.||Program in Physical Therapy, Washington University|