Clinical and Genetic Studies of Familial Presenile Dementia With Neuronal Inclusion Bodies
The purpose of this study is to learn more about the medical problems and the genetic factors involved in a recently defined form of inherited dementia called "familial dementia with neuroserpin inclusion bodies (FDNIB)." Abnormal substances in nerve cells of patients with this disease affect brain and nervous system function, causing confusion, memory decline and impaired cognition (thinking ability). Patients also develop movement disorders and, possibly, seizures. Symptoms begin in midlife, between 45 and 55 years of age.
Patients with FDNIB and family members 18 years of age or older at risk for the disease may be eligible for this 3-year study.
Participants will have a medical and family history and review of medical records; interview with a medical geneticist (specialist in genetics); physical, neurological and psychiatric examinations; and the following tests and procedures:
- Blood tests to assess general health
- Chest and skull X-rays
- Electrocardiogram (EKG)-record of the electrical activity of the heart using electrodes placed on the chest
- Electroencephalogram (EEG)-record of the electrical activity of the brain using electrodes placed on the head
- Ultrasound of the abdomen-imaging of abdominal organs using sound waves
- Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-imaging of the brain using a strong magnetic field and radio waves
- Hearing evaluation
- Assessment of performance of daily living activities
- Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)-imaging of brain metabolism and blood flow using a radioactive substance injected into a vein
The evaluation will be done over a 3- to 4-day period. At their completion, participants will meet with a physician and a genetics counselor to discuss the clinically significant findings. Participants may be asked to return for follow-up evaluations every 6 months to a year (depending on the individual's condition) for 3 years.
Familial Dementia With Neuroserpin Inclusion Bodies
Nervous System Heredodegenerative Disorder
|Official Title:||Clinical, Molecular and Biochemical Characterization of Familial Encephalopathy With Neuroserpin Inclusion Bodies|
|Study Start Date:||August 2000|
|Study Completion Date:||August 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||August 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
This project involves the study of a novel familial neurodegenerative disorder, familial encephalopathy with neuroserpin inclusion bodies (FENIB). This disorder, which has a characteristic clinical course of progressive dementia and neurologic involvement, was initially defined in one extended family. Neuroserpin is the gene for this disorder and a mutation is present in this large kindred and four additional families/cases. This protocol will characterize the clinical phenotype, delineate the natural history of the disorder and explore genotype/phenotype correlations in the index family and possibly in other reported cases. Families with immunohistopathologically-neuroserpin positive neuronal inclusions on autopsy/biopsy in an affected member(s), neuroserpin mutation-positive proband, or with familial presenile dementia with neurologic features consistent with the original FENIB family will be enrolled.
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|