Nitrocamptothecin or Fluorouracil in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Refractory Pancreatic Cancer

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified June 2007 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was  Active, not recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00005871
First received: June 2, 2000
Last updated: December 3, 2013
Last verified: June 2007
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known whether nitrocamptothecin is more effective than fluorouracil for pancreatic cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of nitrocamptothecin with that of fluorouracil in treating patients who have recurrent or refractory pancreatic cancer and who have been treated previously with gemcitabine.


Condition Intervention Phase
Pancreatic Cancer
Drug: fluorouracil
Drug: rubitecan
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase III Randomized Study of RFS 2000 (9-Nitro-Camptothecin, 9-NC) Versus 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) in Pancreatic Cancer Patients That Have Progressive Disease Following Gemcitabine HCl Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: November 1998
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare survival of patients with recurrent or refractory pancreatic cancer after treatment with nitrocamptothecin versus fluorouracil. II. Compare the clinical benefit and objective response rate to these treatment regimens in these patients. III. Compare and evaluate time to treatment failure in these patients with these treatment regimens. IV. Compare the toxicities of these treatment regimens in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, open label, multicenter study. Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive nitrocamptothecin orally on days 1-5. Arm II: Patients receive fluorouracil IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats weekly for 8 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with tumor regression or stabilization may receive additional courses of treatment. Patients with disease progression or unacceptable toxicity may crossover to the alternate treatment arm. Patients are followed every 3 months for one year.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 400 patients (200 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 15 months.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically or cytologically confirmed recurrent or refractory adenocarcinoma of the pancreas Must have received prior gemcitabine and progressed

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Over 18 Performance status: Karnofsky 50-100% Life expectancy: At least 2 months Hematopoietic: Granulocyte count greater than 1,500/mm3 Hemoglobin at least 9 g/dL Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: SGOT and SGPT no greater than 3 times upper limit of normal (ULN) (no greater than 5 times ULN if tumor involves liver) Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dL Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL Other: Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No concurrent immunotherapy Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics At least 2 weeks since prior gemcitabine and recovered No prior chemotherapy except gemcitabine No other concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: No concurrent corticosteroids or hormones Radiotherapy: No concurrent radiotherapy Surgery: At least 2 weeks since prior major surgery No major surgery within 8 weeks following initiation of study treatment

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00005871

Locations
United States, California
SuperGen, Incorporated
San Ramon, California, United States, 94583
Sponsors and Collaborators
Astex Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
Study Chair: Lawrence A. Romel, MS Astex Pharmaceuticals
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005871     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000067907, SUPERGEN-RFS2000-06, PCI-99-001
Study First Received: June 2, 2000
Last Updated: December 3, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
recurrent pancreatic cancer
adenocarcinoma of the pancreas

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Digestive System Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Endocrine System Diseases
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Pancreatic Diseases
Fluorouracil
Antimetabolites
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014