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Tipifarnib in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Progressive Malignant Glioma

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00005859
First received: June 2, 2000
Last updated: July 23, 2008
Last verified: April 2004
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Tipifarnib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking the enzymes necessary for tumor cell growth.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of tipifarnib in treating patients who have recurrent or progressive malignant glioma.


Condition Intervention Phase
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors
Drug: tipifarnib
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Trial of R115777 in Patients With Recurrent Malignant Glioma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: August 2000
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine the maximum tolerated dose of tipifarnib in patients with recurrent or progressive malignant glioma receiving enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs. (Stratum II in the phase I portion of this study closed to accrual effective 07/16/2001.) (Phase I completed effective 10/2/2001.) (Phase II open only to patients requiring resection and who provide surgical tissue samples [effective 3/13/2003].)
  • Define the safety and pharmacokinetic profile of this drug in this patient population.
  • Assess for evidence of antitumor activity of this drug in these patients.
  • Assess for evidence of inhibition of farnesyl protein transferase (FTase) on peripheral blood monocytes as a surrogate endpoint of effective biologic activity of this drug in these patients.
  • Determine the efficacy of this drug as measured by 6-month progression-free survival and objective tumor response in these patients.
  • Evaluate further the safety profile of this drug in these patients.
  • Correlate treatment response with inhibition of FTase in peripheral blood monocytes in patients treated with this drug.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to their pretreatment medications (not receiving enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs [EIAEDs] vs receiving EIAEDs with or without steroids).

Patients receive oral tipifarnib twice daily on days 1-21. Courses repeat every 4 weeks in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or disease progression.

  • Phase I (completed 10/2/2001): Cohorts of 3-6 patients from stratum II receive escalating doses of tipifarnib until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. (Stratum II in the phase I portion of this study closed to accrual effective 07/16/2001.)
  • Phase II (open only to patients requiring resection and who provide surgical tissue samples [effective 3/13/2003]): Once the MTD is determined, additional patients with glioblastoma multiforme from stratum II are accrued to receive treatment with tipifarnib at the recommended phase II dose.

Patients are followed every 2 months for 1 year, every 3 months for 1 year, every 4 months for 1 year, and then every 6 months until progression. Patients are then followed every 4 months thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 30 patients (15 per stratum) will be accrued for the phase I portion of this study within 10 months. (Stratum II in the phase I portion of this study closed to accrual effective 07/16/2001.) (Phase I completed effective 10/2/2001.) A total of 24 patients with glioblastoma multiforme from stratum II will be accrued for the phase II portion of this study. (Phase II open only to patients requiring resection and who provide surgical tissue samples [effective 3/13/2003].)

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed intracranial primary malignant glioma

    • Glioblastoma multiforme
    • Anaplastic astrocytoma*
    • Anaplastic oligodendroglioma*
    • Anaplastic mixed oligodendroglioma*
    • Malignant astrocytoma (not otherwise specified)* NOTE: *Closed to accrual effective 5/28/2002
  • Progressive or recurrent disease confirmed by MRI or CT scan within the past 14 days

    • Stable steroid dose for at least 5-7 days
    • Confirmation of true progressive disease by PET scan, thallium scan, MR spectroscopy, or surgery if prior therapy included interstitial brachytherapy or stereotactic radiosurgery
  • Failed prior radiotherapy
  • Phase I (phase I completed effective 10/2/2001): No more than 2 prior chemotherapy or cytotoxic regimens, including 1 prior adjuvant therapy and 1 prior regimen for progressive or recurrent disease, or 2 prior regimens for progressive disease
  • Phase II (phase II open only to patients requiring resection and who provide surgical tissue samples [effective 3/13/2003]): No more than 2 prior chemotherapy or cytotoxic regimens for relapsed disease following initial therapy (radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy)

    • Prior surgical resection for relapsed disease with no anticancer therapy for up to 12 weeks followed by another surgical resection is considered 1 relapse
    • Patients who received prior therapy for a low-grade glioma with a surgical diagnosis of a high-grade glioma are considered to be in first relapse

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • 18 and over

Performance status:

  • Karnofsky 60-100%

Life expectancy:

  • More than 8 weeks

Hematopoietic:

  • WBC at least 3,000/mm^3
  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 2,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin at least 10 g/dL (transfusion allowed)

Hepatic:

  • Bilirubin no greater than 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • SGOT no greater than 2.5 times ULN

Renal:

  • Creatinine less than 1.5 mg/dL

Cardiovascular:

  • No uncontrolled high blood pressure
  • No unstable angina
  • No symptomatic congestive heart failure
  • No myocardial infarction within the past 6 months
  • No serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia

Other:

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No severe nonmalignant systemic diseases or active infections
  • No other severe concurrent disease that would preclude study therapy
  • No allergy to azoles (e.g., ketoconazole, itraconazole, or voriconazole)
  • HIV negative

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • At least 1 week since prior interferon
  • No concurrent anticancer immunotherapy
  • No concurrent routine prophylactic filgrastim (G-CSF) during first course of study
  • No concurrent sargramostim (GM-CSF)

Chemotherapy:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas, suramin, or mitomycin)
  • At least 3 weeks since prior procarbazine
  • At least 2 weeks since prior vincristine
  • No other concurrent anticancer chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 1 week since prior tamoxifen
  • Concurrent corticosteroids allowed
  • No concurrent anticancer hormonal therapy

Radiotherapy:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy and recovered
  • No concurrent anticancer radiotherapy

Surgery:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 3 weeks since prior resection and recovered
  • Prior recent resection of recurrent or progressive tumor allowed

Other:

  • Recovered from all prior therapy (excluding neurotoxicity or alopecia)
  • Prior radiosensitizers allowed
  • Concurrent H2 blockers and antacids allowed provided taken at least 2 hours before and after tipifarnib
  • No concurrent proton pump inhibitors (e.g., omeprazole or lansoprazole)
  • No other concurrent medication that would preclude study therapy (e.g., immunosuppressive agents)
  • No other concurrent anticancer therapy
  • No other concurrent investigational drugs
  • No concurrent participation in any other clinical study
  • No other concurrent medications except analgesics, chronic treatments for concurrent medical conditions, or agents for life-threatening medical problems
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00005859

Locations
United States, California
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, UCLA
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095
UCSF Comprehensive Cancer Center
San Francisco, California, United States, 94115
United States, Maryland
Warren Grant Magnuson Clinical Center - NCI Clinical Studies Support
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892-1182
United States, Massachusetts
Dana-Farber/Harvard Cancer Center at Dana Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
United States, Michigan
University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109-0942
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
United States, Pennsylvania
Hillman Cancer Center at University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15232
United States, Texas
Simmons Cancer Center at University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center - Dallas
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75390-9154
University of Texas - MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030-4009
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas, United States, 78284-6220
United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53792
Sponsors and Collaborators
North American Brain Tumor Consortium
Investigators
Study Chair: Timothy F. Cloughesy, MD Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005859     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000067888, NABTC-9901
Study First Received: June 2, 2000
Last Updated: July 23, 2008
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
recurrent adult brain tumor
adult glioblastoma
adult giant cell glioblastoma
adult gliosarcoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Nervous System Diseases
Tipifarnib
Antineoplastic Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 20, 2014