Doxorubicin and Docetaxel in Treating Women With Stage III Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Aventis Pharmaceuticals
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00005800
First received: June 2, 2000
Last updated: September 24, 2012
Last verified: September 2012
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of doxorubicin and docetaxel in treating women who have stage III breast cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Biological: Filgrastim
Drug: Docetaxel
Drug: Doxorubicin
Procedure: Surgery
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Neoadjuvant Trial of Sequential Doxorubicin and Docetaxel for the Treatment of Stage III Breast Cancer Measuring STAT Activation as a Predictor of Response to Therapy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Pathological Response Rate [ Time Frame: 7 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Evaluate the pathological response rate of sequential doxorubicin and docetaxel chemotherapy in the neoadjuvant treatment of women with stage III breast cancer. Pathologic response is classified as either complete pathologic response or partial pathologic response based on the size of residual tumor after treatment (complete pathologic response if 0 cm, partial pathologic response if >0 cm).


Enrollment: 45
Study Start Date: April 1999
Study Completion Date: May 2012
Primary Completion Date: January 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Dose-Dense Chemotherapy
Patients receive doxorubicin IV on day 1 every 2 weeks for 3 courses. After 3 weeks of rest, patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour on day 1 every 2 weeks for 3 courses. Filgrastim (G-CSF) is administered subcutaneously on days 3-10 of each doxorubicin and docetaxel course. Within 6 weeks of completion of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, patients undergo surgery with mastectomy or lumpectomy and axillary lymph node dissection.
Biological: Filgrastim
Other Name: G-CSF
Drug: Docetaxel
Other Name: Taxotere®
Drug: Doxorubicin
Other Names:
  • doxorubicin hydrochloride
  • Adriamycin
  • Rubex
Procedure: Surgery
Within 6 weeks of completion of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, patients undergo surgery with mastectomy or lumpectomy and axillary lymph node dissection.

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Evaluate the clinical and pathological response rate of sequential doxorubicin and docetaxel chemotherapy in the neoadjuvant treatment of women with stage III breast cancer.
  • Measure signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) activation before and after this neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimen in this patient population.
  • Correlate response to chemotherapy with STAT activation before and after this neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimen in these patients.
  • Determine how other potential predictors of response correlate with STAT activation by measuring Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, Bax protein levels, tyrosine kinase levels, growth rate of the tumor, and apoptotic index before and after this neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimen in these patients.
  • Correlate response to chemotherapy with levels of STAT activation in association with the presence of Bcl-2 proteins and tyrosine kinases, growth rate of the tumor, and apoptotic index in these patients.
  • Evaluate the toxicity of this neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimen given in a dose-dense fashion in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients receive doxorubicin IV on day 1 every 2 weeks for 3 courses. After 3 weeks of rest, patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour on day 1 every 2 weeks for 3 courses. Filgrastim (G-CSF) is administered subcutaneously on days 3-10 of each doxorubicin and docetaxel course. Within 6 weeks of completion of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, patients undergo surgery with mastectomy or lumpectomy and axillary lymph node dissection.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 45 patients will be accrued for this study within 5 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically or pathologically confirmed stage III breast cancer

    • Clinical evidence of primary invasive breast tumor greater than 5 cm in dimension (T3) and no evidence of metastatic disease clinically or by staging studies including computed tomography (CT) scan of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis, and a bone scan
  • Inflammatory breast carcinoma defined as diffuse brawny induration of the skin of the breast with an erysipeloid edge due to embolization of the dermal lymphatics and pathologic evidence of dermal lymphatic invasion
  • No bilateral breast cancer unless synchronous
  • Hormone receptor status:

    • Not specified

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • 18 to 70

Sex:

  • Female

Menopausal status:

  • Not specified

Performance status:

  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 0-1

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic:

  • WBC at least 3,000/mm^3
  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3

Hepatic:

  • Bilirubin less than 2.0 mg/dL
  • SGOT/SGPT less than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 4 times ULN provided SGOT/SGPT no greater than ULN

Renal:

  • Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL

Cardiovascular:

  • If prior cardiac event or ischemia on electrocardiogram, must be cleared by cardiologist
  • LVEF at least 50% by resting MUGA
  • No severe cardiac dysfunction
  • No prior or concurrent angina pectoris, congestive heart failure, or major ventricular arrhythmias
  • No uncontrolled essential hypertension

Other:

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Fertile patients must use effective nonhormonal barrier contraception
  • No other prior malignancy within the past 5 years except adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, or intraductal or lobular carcinoma in situ of the breast
  • No other serious medical or psychiatric illness that would preclude study consent or treatment
  • No prior severe and intolerable reactions to filgrastim (G-CSF)

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy:

  • No prior chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy:

  • No prior radiotherapy to the breast

Surgery:

  • Not specified
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00005800

Locations
United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612-9497
Sponsors and Collaborators
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Aventis Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Susan Minton, D.O. H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005800     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MCC-11971, CA 82533
Study First Received: June 2, 2000
Last Updated: September 24, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute:
stage IIIA breast cancer
stage IIIB breast cancer
inflammatory breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Doxorubicin
Docetaxel
Lenograstim
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 20, 2014