Arsenic Trioxide in Treating Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die.
PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of arsenic trioxide in treating patients who have acute myeloid leukemia.
|Study Design:||Primary Purpose: Treatment|
|Official Title:||Phase II Trial of Arsenic Trioxide in Relapsed and Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Secondary Leukemia, and/or Newly-Diagnosed Patients Greater Than or Equal to 65 Years Old|
|Study Start Date:||February 2000|
|Study Completion Date:||July 2002|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2002 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the rate of response (complete or partial remission), duration of response, relapse free survival, and overall survival of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or untreated older patients or those with secondary AML when treated with arsenic trioxide. II. Evaluate the toxicities of this agent in this patient population. III. Measure degree of apoptosis induced and/or differentiation in pretreatment and posttreatment AML cells.
OUTLINE: Patients receive arsenic trioxide IV over 1-4 hours daily for up to 60 days, or until bone marrow blasts are less than 5%, followed by 4-6 weeks of rest. After the first course, additional courses of arsenic trioxide last 25 days. Treatment continues for a maximum of 6 courses in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or disease progression. Patients with a complete response (CR) receive 1 additional 25 day course after achieving CR. Patients are followed monthly for 6 months, every 2 months for 6 months, every 3 months for 12 months, and then every 6 months thereafter.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 12-35 patients will be accrued for this study within 2 years.
|United States, Illinois|
|Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center, Northwestern University|
|Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611-3013|
|Study Chair:||Martin S. Tallman, MD||Robert H. Lurie Cancer Center|