Community Intervention for Minority Children With Asthma
To test the effectiveness of school-based asthma education interventions, community-based asthma health workers' programs and the combination of these on asthmatic children. Also, to examine the separate and combined impact of asthma interventions designed to address problems associated with effective asthma self-management amd difficulties in establishing and maintaining continuity of medical care.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Natural History|
|Study Start Date:||August 1990|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||July 1995|
Asthma is a leading cause of childhood illness that disproportionately affects minority children. The causes of higher hospitalization and death rates among minority children with asthma are not understood. It is commonly assumed that barriers related to poverty underlie this public health issue. Two proposed causes of this increased morbidity and mortality are problems associated with effective asthma self-management and difficulties in establishing and maintaining continuity of medical care.
The study was part of a demonstration and education initiative "Interventions for Control of Asthma Among Black and Hispanic Children" which was released by the NHLBI in June 1989.
A school-based asthma self-management program was developed to promote children's self-management skills within predominately minority schools. A community-based asthma health worker program was developed to assist minority families in establishing and maintaining asthma health care within the community. It was hypothesized that the most effective control of asthma would be achieved with the combination of these two interventions. Twenty elementary schools each in inner-city Baltimore, Maryland and inner-city Washington D.C. served as study sites. Asthmatic children grades 1-5 were identified by school records and parent surveys. After obtaining consent, schools were randomly assigned to one of four intervention groups: 1) a control/minimal intervention, 2) a school-based asthma education program, 3) a community-based asthma health worker program, and 4) a combined intervention that included both the school-based education program and the community-based health worker program. The duration of both the school program and the Community health worker program was twelve months. Baseline measures were collected after obtaining consent and prior to school randomization. Followup measures were collected from children and families at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. Data were collected on hospitalization, emergency or urgent care, acute episodes, health care utilization, medications, school absences, academic performance, self-esteem, self and family asthma management, and family coping.