Aplastic Anemia Epidemiology: Incidence and Case-Control
To conduct incidence and case-control studies of aplastic anemia in metropolitan Bangkok, Thailand
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Natural History|
|Study Start Date:||September 1988|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||August 1994|
Aplastic anemia, a form of bone marrow failure, is a disease of largely unknown cause, except for the rare situations involving high doses of radiation. Many agents have been mentioned in case reports to be associated with the development of aplastic anemia and include drugs, chemicals, pesticides, radiation, and viral infection. Of these, chloramphenicol, phenylbutazone, and insecticides are most frequently reported. In the United States and other developed countries the disease prevalence is so low that too few cases occur to make an epidemiological study in a single city logistically feasible. The Bangkok hospitalization rate for aplastic anemia was sufficient to conduct a case-control study. Also, a study conducted in this locale provided information on drugs and chemicals not commonly used in developed countries.
All aplastic anemia cases in metropolitan Bangkok were located and verified in the forty hospitals that agreed to participate in the study. Incidence rates were calculated by age group and sex. In the case-control study, interviews were used to obtain comprehensive histories of drug, chemical, pesticide, radiation, viral infections, and other exposures, along with relevant demographic and medical history information in order to examine the association between and test hypotheses regarding suspected hazards and to estimate the risks of developing aplastic anemia. The basic epidemiologic features of aplastic anemia were described by characterizing these patients in terms of standard demographic variables, age, race, sex, and medical history. The degree of association between viral hepatitis and the development of aplastic anemia was estimated.