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Combination Chemotherapy Plus Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Esophageal Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00005638
First received: May 2, 2000
Last updated: June 17, 2013
Last verified: June 2013
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining chemotherapy with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of chemotherapy plus radiation therapy in treating patients who have advanced cancer of the esophagus.


Condition Intervention Phase
Esophageal Cancer
Gastric Cancer
Drug: cisplatin
Drug: irinotecan hydrochloride
Radiation: radiation therapy
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Trial of Combined Modality Irinotecan, Cisplatin, and Concurrent Radiation Therapy for Patients With Locally Advanced Esophageal Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center:

Study Start Date: October 1999
Study Completion Date: April 2004
Primary Completion Date: April 2004 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine the dose limiting toxicity of irinotecan when given weekly with cisplatin and concurrent external beam multifield radiotherapy in patients with locally advanced carcinoma of the esophagus or gastroesophageal junction.
  • Determine the maximum tolerated dose and the recommended phase II dose of irinotecan in this regimen in this patient population.
  • Evaluate the complete response rate in these patients to one course of induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation study of irinotecan.

Patients receive induction chemotherapy with cisplatin IV over 30 minutes followed by irinotecan IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Following 2 weeks of rest, patients begin chemoradiation. Patients receive cisplatin and irinotecan as above on days 1, 8, 22, and 29 and radiotherapy once daily 5 days a week for 5-6 weeks.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of irinotecan until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose limiting toxicities.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 3-24 patients will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma of the esophagus or gastroesophageal junction

    • T1, N1, M0 or T2-4, Nx, M0

      • No supraclavicular or celiac lymph nodes
  • Previously untreated, newly diagnosed tumors OR
  • Prior resection without adjuvant therapy with local regional failure

    • Positive microscopic margin on resection of all gross disease allowed provided no metastatic disease
  • No positive malignant cytology of the pleura, pericardium, or peritoneum
  • No biopsy proven tumor invasion of the tracheobronchial tree or tracheoesophageal fistula

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • 18 and over

Performance status:

  • Karnofsky 70-100% OR
  • ECOG 0-2

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic:

  • Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin at least 9.0 g/dL

Hepatic:

  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 mg/dL
  • No known Gilbert's disease

Renal:

  • Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL
  • No hypercalcemia

Cardiovascular:

  • No New York Heart Association class III or IV heart disease
  • No myocardial infarction within the past 6 months
  • No uncontrolled hypertension

Other:

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No other severe concurrent conditions (e.g., severe uncontrolled diabetes, uncontrolled infections, or cerebral vascular disease)
  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years except basal cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • No history of seizure disorder currently receiving phenytoin, phenobarbital, or other antiepileptic medication
  • No other concurrent medical or psychiatric condition or disease that would preclude study entry

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy:

  • No prior chemotherapy for esophageal cancer including adjuvant chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy:

  • No prior radiotherapy for esophageal cancer including adjuvant radiotherapy
  • No prior mantle, chest, pelvic, or hemibody radiotherapy

Surgery:

  • See Disease Characteristics

Other:

  • No concurrent prochlorperazine on day of irinotecan administration
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00005638

Locations
United States, California
USC/Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center and Hospital
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90033-0804
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Investigators
Study Chair: David H. Ilson, MD, PhD Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005638     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 99-081, CDR0000067794, NCI-G00-1766
Study First Received: May 2, 2000
Last Updated: June 17, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center:
stage II gastric cancer
stage III gastric cancer
stage II esophageal cancer
stage III esophageal cancer
adenocarcinoma of the stomach
squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus
adenocarcinoma of the esophagus

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Esophageal Neoplasms
Stomach Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Digestive System Neoplasms
Esophageal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Stomach Diseases
Cisplatin
Irinotecan
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 20, 2014