Cognitive Aspects of Adolescent Suicide

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified November 2001 by National Center for Research Resources (NCRR).
Recruitment status was  Active, not recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00005566
First received: April 22, 2000
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: November 2001
  Purpose

The purpose of this project is to pilot a new scale, The Desperation Scale, in a sample of young adolescents (aged 10-16) seen in the pediatric emergency room who require a psychiatric consultation. The proposed study is designed to assess the psychometric properties of this new scale and to provide information about the cognitive state of young suicidal individuals. It is hypothesized that this scale will be able to discriminate between those who are suicidal and those who are not. Data obtained in this pilot study will provide information about the usefulness of the construct of desperation and will guide future projects aimed at the assessment and treatment of suicidal individuals. The use of cognitive factors to predict suicidal behavior is appealing because they allow the clinician to tap into an individual's perception of his/her life circumstances. However, we believe the popular conceptualization of suicide as a result of "hopeless" thinking ignores an important aspect of suicidal behavior-the motivation to escape. We propose that a model of suicidal behavior that includes escape motivation, which we call the desperation model, will be better able to predict suicide than existing measures. We conceptualize desperation as consisting of three core elements: a sense of entrapment, feelings of anxiety/agitation, and a sense of time urgency. The current pilot study will test a 35-item scale that assesses these three elements of desperation. A pilot study of the Desperation Scale is currently being conducted at the Cornell University Medical Center (P.I. P.M. Marzuk) with depressed, adult inpatients. Our study is original in its use of the scale with an adolescent population and its focus on patients in the emergency room, when they are presumably in a "purer" suicidal state. It is hypothesized that those who are admitted to the emergency room for recent suicidal behavior will endorse feelings of entrapment, anxiety, and time urgency.


Condition Intervention
Suicide, Attempted
Behavioral: Desperation Scale

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Center for Research Resources (NCRR):

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   10 Years to 16 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • young adolescents seen in the pediatric emergency room at Yale-New Haven Hospital who require psychiatric consultation and who give consent to participate

Exclusion Criteria:

  • diagnosis of a psychotic or organic brain disorder or inability to read the study questionnaire due to low IQ, learning disability, or non-English speaking status
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00005566

Locations
United States, Connecticut
Department of Psychology, Yale University
New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06520
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005566     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCRR-M01RR06022-0021, M01RR06022
Study First Received: April 22, 2000
Last Updated: June 23, 2005
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Center for Research Resources (NCRR):
Suicide

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Suicide
Suicide, Attempted
Self-Injurious Behavior
Behavioral Symptoms

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 18, 2014