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Epidemiology of Sleep Disordered Breathing in Children

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Identifier:
First received: May 25, 2000
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: March 2005

To collect fundamental data regarding the distribution of measures of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in a pediatric population, prevalence of clinically significant SDB in children, risk factors, and associated co-morbidity.

Lung Diseases
Sleep Apnea Syndromes

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Defined Population

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: July 1998
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2002
Detailed Description:


Developing strategies for recognizing and treating children with Sleep Disordered Breathing (SDB) was not possible in the absence of essential epidemiological data that addressed the distribution of measures of SDB in pediatric populations. The potential public health importance of this was underscored by preliminary data that suggested that risk of SDB was increased in susceptible populations, in particular in African Americans and in children born prematurely.


The design was that of a cohort study with a nested case control arm. Sleep disordered breathing was evaluated in 850 children with in-home state-of-the art respiratory monitoring techniques. A number of risk factors were evaluated: sociodemographic characteristics; anthropometry; upper and lower airway size and function (questionnaire, spirometry, and reflectometry); perinatal exposures (from neonatal records); family history; and home environment (passive smoking; sleep patterns, maternal-child stress indices). Behavior, cognitive skills, attention, and health-related quality of life were assessed with standardized instruments to assess co-morbidities (potential SDB outcomes). Analysis of the longitudinal data provided cognitive-developmental trajectories that were evaluated in relationship to SDB. The case-control arm confirmed and extended the findings of the in-home assessments with comprehensive laboratory polysomnography, cephalometry, and objective measures of sleepiness (Multiple Sleep Latency Tests) in three groups of children: definite SDB by home assessment; equivocal SDB; and no SDB. Collection of comprehensive polysomnographic data helped to identify which measures best discriminated symptomatic (e.g., snoring, sleepy) from asymptomatic children.


Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

No eligibility criteria

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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00005516

Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigator: Susan Redline Case Western Reserve University
  More Information

Publications: Identifier: NCT00005516     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 5035
Study First Received: May 25, 2000
Last Updated: June 23, 2005
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Diseases
Sleep Apnea Syndromes
Nervous System Diseases
Respiration Disorders
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Sleep Disorders
Sleep Disorders, Intrinsic processed this record on November 20, 2014