Genetic Epidemiology--Development of Cardiovascular Risk
To determine how genetic and environmental factors influence the co-occurrence of obesity and hypertension during development and to identify cardiovascular risk factors in adolescence that will predict cardiovascular disease in adults.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Natural History|
|Study Start Date:||August 1998|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||July 2002|
Obesity and hypertension are two of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and those with obesity have a greater risk of hypertension. In children and adolescents, high body mass index correlates with elevated blood pressure. Genetic factors make a significant contribution to the variation of obesity and hypertension.
Anthropometric, cardiovascular, physiologic and physical fitness data were used to investigate a series of critical issues about the etiology, heterogeneity, comorbidity and developmental trajectories of CVD risk factors, including obesity, hypertension and cardiovascular health. Using the two datasets, the main questions of the study were addressed. How do genes and environment act and interact to create covariation between obesity and hypertension, and were the genetic and environmental factors the same at all ages (from childhood to late adolescence and adulthood) in both sexes? Areas of research included the following: causes of individual differences in anthropometric and cardiovascular characteristics, their covariation and developmental change or continuity in adolescence, parent-offspring transmission, prediction of cardiovascular risk, and sex, race and population differences in genetic and environmental contributions on cardiovascular risk factors.
|Investigator:||Hermine Maes||Virginia Commonwealth University|