Determinants of Coronary Disease in High Risk Families
To define factors contributing to coronary heart disease (CHD) in high risk families.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Natural History|
|Study Start Date:||August 1998|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||June 2003|
The study followed healthy siblings of patients diagnosed with CHD before age 60. All siblings underwent comprehensive risk factor screening and exercise thallium tomography to identify occult CHD. Follow-up was performed from 6-15 years after entry (mean 8.7 years) to determine the incidence of (1) acute coronary events (sudden death, myocardial infarction, and unstable angina) and (2) progression of occult CHD (repeat exercise thallium tomography). Blood was obtained for genomic DNA, which was tested for polymorphisms of candidate genes which may be associated with premature thrombotic CHD events (platelet proteins GPIIB/IIIa[PlA1/A2 and Baka/b] and GPIbB, endothelial nitric oxide synthase, angiotensin converting enzyme, angiotensinogen, D-fibrinogen, plasminogen activator-1, and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase). Plasma levels of proteins implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and thrombotic CHD events were measured (fibrinogen, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, tissue plasminogen activator, homocysteine, lipoprotein (a), and apo(a) isoform size). DNA was also obtained from living probands and affected siblings to use for genetic linkage studies using affected and unaffectedsibling pairs. Statistical analyses examined (1) whether selected genetic polymorphisms were linked to the occurrence of acute CHD events, and (2) to what extent traditional sociodemographic and biological coronary risk factors or new genetic polymorphisms explained the progression of occult CHD, or the transition from occult to symptomatic CHD events in families with premature CHD.
|Investigator:||Lewis Becker||Johns Hopkins University|