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Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Risk in Black Girls

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00005437
First received: May 25, 2000
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: August 2004
  Purpose

To conduct a longitudinal study investigating the physical activity patterns, the psychosocial predictors of physical activity, and the effects of physical activity changes on blood pressure and body fatness in a cohort of African-American girls, ages 11-17.


Condition
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Hypertension
Obesity

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Natural History

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: February 1992
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 1998
Detailed Description:

BACKGROUND:

The study contributed to an underdeveloped area of research. Physical activity is recommended as a nonpharmacological means to modify hypertension and obesity, two cardiovascular risk factors. African-American women have low levels of physical activity and high rates of obesity, hypertension, and mortality from coronary heart disease, diabetes, and hypertensive diseases. In 1992, there was an absence of longitudinal data about the physical activity habits of African-American girls even though a decline in physical activity during adolescence had been reported in other subpopulations.

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

Within the framework of puberty and maturation, the study: 1) described longitudinal patterns of physical activity; 2) assessed longitudinal changes in physical activity and concomitant changes in blood pressure and body fatness; and 3) determined psychosocial predictors of changes in physical activity. The investigators hypothesized that there would be a monotonic decrease in physical activity and that psychosocial variables would predict changes in physical activity. The study population consisted of 189 sixth grade, mostly African-American, girls in Fort Bend Independent School District, Missouri City, Texas. The girls were measured for four and a half years, ages 11 or 12 at entry of the study. Anthropometry, sexual maturation, blood pressure, physical activity habits and psychosocial predictors were measured twice a year for a total of nine examinations. Data on dietary, smoking and drinking habits were collected annually. Activity patterns, psychosocial predictors and other habits were assessed by interviews and questionnaires. Sexual maturation was assessed by menarche and the Tanner stages. Skinfold and circumference measures determined body fatness and body fat distribution.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   11 Years to 17 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

No eligibility criteria

  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00005437

Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Investigator: Wedell Taylor The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
  More Information