Biobehavioral Determinants of Obesity in Black Women
To examine the biobehavioral determinants of obesity in Black as compared with white women.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Natural History
Time Perspective: Longitudinal
|Study Start Date:||September 1995|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||August 1998|
Behavioral medicine surveys consistently find that obesity is a treatment-resistant disease that continues to be a significant health problem and that the incidence of obesity is much higher in Blacks relative to whites in general, and even higher in Black women relative to white women. In fact, an NIH Program Announcement (PA-91-99), stated that "Obesity in adults has not declined in the past three decades" and "Obesity is particularly prevalent in minority populations, especially among minority women." Obesity is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, stroke, and hypertension. Obesity is a complex phenomenon involving behavioral, lifestyle, and complex biobehavioral mechanisms. In 1995, there were no prospective studies that simultaneously evaluated a systematic set of psychosocial variables with energy balance (dietary intake, physical activity, resting metabolic rate) determinants that may account for the increased risk for obesity in African-American versus Euro-American women.
After subjects were recruited, psychosocial and energy balance (dietary intake, physical activity, metabolic rate) baseline measures were related to levels of body fat as measured by DEXA (dual electron X-ray absorptiometry). The role of these variables were evaluated prospectively to adiposity changes in both white and Black women over a 24-month period.
|Investigator:||Robert Klesges||University of Memphis|