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Racial Differences in the Coronary Microcirculation

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Identifier:
First received: May 25, 2000
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: July 2000

To study mechanisms of excess coronary ischemia secondary to alterations in autoregulation and arteriolar vasoreactivity in Black Americans with hypertension, varying degree of left ventricular hypertrophy, and angiographically normal or mildly diseased coronary arteries.

Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Coronary Disease
Myocardial Ischemia
Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular

Study Type: Observational

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: September 1992
Estimated Study Completion Date: August 1998
Detailed Description:


Although studies in 1992 with a sufficient number of minority patients were sparse, those available suggested that Black Americans had a higher case fatality from coronary heart disease, but lesser amounts of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease. A possible explanation for this apparent paradox was that myocardial ischemia might be more prevalent with less coronary artery atherosclerosis in Black Americans because of comorbid diseases or differences in coronary physiology. This could be secondary to excess hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy in Black Americans but might also have been related to intrinsic or acquired differences in coronary artery autoregulation and vasoreactivity leading to depression in coronary blood flow and reserve.


The intracoronary Doppler flow velocity guidewire together with quantitative coronary angiography was used to study changes in coronary blood flow in blacks secondary to pharmacologic provocateurs known to induce arteriolar vasodilation. White Americans with similar demographic characteristics and equivalent amount of ventricular hypertrophy and coronary disease were similarly studied in a parallel fashion for comparison. A control group of normal white and Black Americans were studied to detect unexpected intrinsic differences. Both endothelium dependent and independent induction of coronary arteriolar vasodilation were studied. In 25 percent of patients with endothelium dependent defects in arteriolar vasodilation, retesting was performed after intracoronary infusion of L-arginine, the precursor of endothelium dependent relaxing factor. Finally, the possibility of a rightward shift in coronary artery autoregulation in chronic hypertension was investigated. This finding would necessitate that the lower limit of autoregulation occurred at higher diastolic pressures, resulting in a drop-off of coronary perfusion at normal physiologic pressures and ischemia.


Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

No eligibility criteria

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  More Information

Publications: Identifier: NCT00005373     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 4267
Study First Received: May 25, 2000
Last Updated: June 23, 2005
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary Disease
Heart Diseases
Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular
Myocardial Ischemia
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Vascular Diseases processed this record on November 20, 2014