Novel Hemostatic Cardiac Risk Factors in Framingham
To investigate hemostatic variables in relation to cardiovascular risk in the Framingham Offspring Study cohort.
Death, Sudden, Cardiac
Carotid Artery Diseases
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Natural History|
|Study Start Date:||July 1994|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||May 1998|
Elevation of platelet reactivity plasminogen activator inhibitor, fibrinogen, von Willebrand's factor, and factor VII have been reported to increase myocardial infarction risk. Myocardial infarction and sudden cardiac death are more frequent in the morning when platelet activity is increased and fibrinolysis is decreased. Reduction of recurrent myocardial infarction by aspirin and coumadin suggests causal roles for platelet activity and coagulation. Increases in viscosity and decreases in anti-thrombin III and Protein C have been linked with increased thrombosis. Despite these findings, a coherent picture of these disparate hemostatic indices as cardiac risk factors has yet to emerge.
Platelet reactivty, plasminogen activatator inhibitor, fibrinogen, von Willebrand's factor, factor VII, and other hemostatic risk factors were measured in all 4,000 subjects of the Framingham Offspring Study. The data were combined with the regularly collected Framingham data to: determine the relationships between hemostatic factors and carotid atherosclerosis as assessed by ultrasound; determine the relationship between hemostatic factors and the traditional cardiac risk factors; and determine if hemostatic risk factors independently predict myocardial infarction and cardiac death.
|Investigator:||Geoffrey Tofler||Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center|