Etiology of Blood Dyscrasias: Analysis of the International Agranulocytosis and Aplastic Anemia Study Data
To quantify the role of drugs and other factors in the etiology of agranulocytosis and aplastic anemia.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Natural History|
|Study Start Date:||April 1989|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||March 1991|
Agranulocytosis and aplastic anemia are rare but serious blood diseases that can be caused by drugs and other environmental factors. In 1980, there were only limited quantitative estimates of the risk between various exposures, particularly drugs, and the two dyscrasias. The data were collected in the IAAAS, a multicenter population-based case-control study conducted from 1980 to 1986 in eight regions. The study was funded by a pharmaceutical company to investigate a single hypothesis, but information was obtained on all drugs and on other factors, enabling a general investigation of the dyscrasias.
The study was for retrospective data analysis only. Standard case-control methods were used. In most instances, multivariate analysis was used to control confounding, especially by simultaneous use of other causal drugs. Adverse effects and the relative safety of drugs in relation to the two dyscrasias were documented. Because the IAAAS was population-based, incidence rates were provided directly, and excess risks were estimated for associated drugs. Such quantitative measures of association were generally unavailable. Among the drugs that were analyzed were various categories such as psychotropics, antihistamines, and cardiovascular drugs, and individual drugs such as allopurinol. Factors other than drugs were also evaluated, including exposure to radiation and chemicals such as benzene and insecticides, history of viral infection, and history of allergy and other conditions.