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Insulin Resistance and Blood Pressure Regulation in Blacks

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00005164
First received: May 25, 2000
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: June 2000
  Purpose

To determine the role of insulin resistance in peripheral vascular dynamics, sodium sensitivity, and blood pressure regulation in a young representative Black population and in a group of young Blacks at high risk for hypertension.


Condition
Cardiovascular Diseases
Hypertension
Heart Diseases
Insulin Resistance

Study Type: Observational

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: September 1983
Estimated Study Completion Date: August 1991
Detailed Description:

BACKGROUND:

Epidemiologic studies have demonstrated a greater prevalence of essential hypertension in Blacks with a disproportionately greater hypertension related mortality in Blacks. Similar vascular consequences occur with diabetes and obesity. These three diseases not only share a common outcome, but also overlap in occurrence with Blacks having greater prevalence rates in the three disorders. Insulin resistance has been documented in all three disorders and may contribute significantly to the vascular disease.

This project originated in response to a Request for Applications on Biobehavioral Factors Affecting Hypertension in Blacks issued in December 1982. The original project was supported by the RFA for three years. The first three years of the study focussed on the hypothesis that sodium loading would augment cardiovascular responses of psychogenic stress in Blacks at high risk for hypertension. The first phase of the study examined and compared 80 Blacks and whites, 18-22 years of age. The second phase involved an additional 40 Black borderline hypertensives who were exposed to the same set of studies designed to examine possible interactions between neurogenic and renal controlled volume mechanisms in essential hypertension.

The project was renewed as a regular research grant in 1986 and was designed to investigated biobehavioral factors in blood pressure control. In 1988, the study on insulin resistance was funded and continued through 1990.

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

Subjects in this project consisted of Blacks who were enrolled in the Collaborative Perinatal Project (CPP) at birth and who had been studied longitudinally in adolescence and young adulthood. Each subject brought to the study data on blood pressure, growth, and maturation from birth through late adolescence.

Peripheral vascular structure was studied using measures of forearm blood flow and forearm vascular resistance. Measurements of peripheral vascular structure were compared to data on sodium sensitivity and potassium sensitivity in the population. Insulin resistance was studied using the euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp technique. Variations in the activity of the sodium-potassium pump and sodium-hydrogen exchange in red cells were correlated with insulin resistance to determine if hyperinsulinemia alters cation transport rates.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

No eligibility criteria

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

Publications:
Chinese M, Solomon H, Falkner B, Adragna N, Ellison RC: Familial Aggregation of Sodium Countertransport and Cotransport and Essential Hypertension in: Topics on Pathophysiology of Hypertension. Villareal H, Sambhi MP, Nijhoff Publish. Boston, p. 78-87, 1984
Falkner B, Katz S, Chinese M, Kushner H: The Response to Chronic Oral Sodium Loading in Young Blacks. Hypertension, 8 (Suppl I): I-165-168, 1986
Falkner B, Light K: The Interactive Effects of Stress and Dietary Sodium on Cardiovascular Reactivity. In: J Hypertens, Stress, Reactivity, and Cardiovascular Disease: Status and Prospects. Eds. Matthews L, Weiss SM, Detre T, Dembroski T, Falkner B, Manuch S, Williams R (Eds), John Wiley and Sons, Inc. New York, p 329-341, 1986
Falkner B: Mild Hypertension in Adolescence. In: Mild Hypertension: From Drug Trials to Practice. Strasser T, Gaten D, (Eds) Raven Press, New York, p 279-283, 1987
Falkner B: Reactivity to Mental Stress in Hypertension and Prehypertension in: Handbook of Hypertension, Vol. 10. Behavioral Factors in Hypertension, Editor Julius S. and Bassett DR. Elsevier Science Publishers. B.V., 1987
Falkner B: Measurement of Volume Regulation: Renal Function. in: Schneiderman N, Kaufman P and Weiss SM (Eds). Handbook of Research Methods in Cardiovascular Behavioral Medicine. New York: Plenum Publishing Corporation, 1989
Falkner B: Etiologic Factors in Essential Hypertension. Loggie J, Robson A (Eds), in: Pediatric and Adolescent Hypertension, 1992.
Falkner B, Rabinowitz AI, Michel SH: Nutrition and Blood Pressure in Childhood: In: Nutritional Factors in Hypertension, Langford H, Levine B (Eds), Alan R Liss, Inc., New York, 1990.

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005164     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1036
Study First Received: May 25, 2000
Last Updated: June 23, 2005
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Hypertension
Insulin Resistance
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Hyperinsulinism
Metabolic Diseases
Vascular Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 19, 2014