Etiology and Prevalence of Peripheral Arterial Disease

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Identifier:
First received: May 25, 2000
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: June 2000

To determine the prevalence of peripheral arterial disease in a defined population by non-invasive techniques; to evaluate the association of cardiovascular disease risk factors with peripheral vascular disease; to determine whether non-invasive tests of peripheral arterial disease can be utilized as markers for coronary heart disease; to determine the status of the microvasculature using conjunctival photographs and to compare the results with risk factors and the peripheral arterial disease testing results.

Cardiovascular Diseases
Peripheral Vascular Diseases
Arterial Occlusive Diseases

Study Type: Observational

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: July 1978
Estimated Study Completion Date: March 1990
Detailed Description:


Atherosclerosis is frequently generalized, affecting blood vessels in various parts of the body. Previous studies had noted the strong association between peripheral arterial disease and coronary heart disease and the similarity of risk factors, particularly diabetes and cigarette smoking for both diseases. The natural history of peripheral arterial disease had not been delineated because of the lack, until recently, of accurate and reliable non-invasive testing.


All 624 subjects were initially studied under a Lipid Research Clinic protocol that involved two evaluations, visit 1 and visit 2. At visit 2, half of the subjects were from a random sample of the LRC visit 1 cohort and others were selected from the visit 1 cohort for hyperlipidemia, defined as being at or above age- and sex-specific 90th percentiles for cholesterol or 95th percentiles for triglycerides or taking lipid-lowering medications. At visit 2, the subjects were characterized as to age; sex; drug, diet, alcohol and smoking history; personal and family history of cardiovascular disease; Rose questionnaire; and electrocardiogram and examination by a cardiologist. The subjects were given a traditional manual examination for peripheral arterial disease and four non-invasive tests including segmental blood pressure, flow velocity by Doppler ultrasound, postocclusive reactive hyperemia, and pulse reappearance half-time. The subjects were categorized into large vessel peripheral arterial disease, isolated small vessel peripheral arterial disease or normal based on the results of non-invasive testing and followed for an average of four years.


Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

No eligibility criteria

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

Publications: Identifier: NCT00005142     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1013
Study First Received: May 25, 2000
Last Updated: June 23, 2005
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Peripheral Arterial Disease
Peripheral Vascular Diseases
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Arteriosclerosis processed this record on October 16, 2014