Azacitidine Plus Phenylbutyrate in Treating Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia or Myelodysplastic Syndrome

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00004871
First received: March 7, 2000
Last updated: March 9, 2010
Last verified: March 2010
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Azacitidine plus phenylbutyrate may help leukemia cells develop into normal white blood cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of combining azacitidine and phenylbutyrate in treating patients who have acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome.


Condition Intervention Phase
Leukemia
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Diseases
Drug: azacitidine
Drug: sodium phenylbutyrate
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I, Dose De-Escalation to Minimal Effective Pharmacologic Dose Trial of Sodium Phenylbutyrate (PB, NSC 657802) in Combination With 5-Azacytidine (5-AZA, NSC 102816) in Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS) and Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center:

Study Start Date: May 2000
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine the safety and toxicity of azacitidine in combination with phenylbutyrate in patients with recurrent, refractory, or untreated acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome.
  • Determine the minimal effective pharmacologic dose of azacitidine required to consistently inhibit DNA methyltransferase in this patient population.
  • Obtain preliminary clinical and/or laboratory data suggesting potential therapeutic activity of this combination regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose deescalation study of azacitidine.

Patients receive azacitidine subcutaneously daily on days 1-5 and 29-33 followed by phenylbutyrate IV continuously on days 5-12 and 33-40. Treatment continues for at least 2 courses in the absence of disease progression. Patients with responsive disease may receive an additional 2 months of therapy.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive deescalating doses of azacitidine until the minimal effective pharmacologic dose (MEPD) is determined. The MEPD is defined as the dose above the dose at which more than 1 of 6 patients do not meet the target enzyme inhibition of greater than 90%.

Once the MEPD and toxicity have been established for a 5 day schedule, daily dose schedule of azacitidine is increased to 10, 14, and 21 days, followed by phenylbutyrate for 7 days. Courses are repeated every 28 days.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 32 patients will be accrued for this study within 2 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) indicating one of the following:

    • Refractory anemia (RA)
    • Primary refractory leukopenia or thrombocytopenia with MDS morphology
    • RA with excess blasts (RAEB)
    • RA with ringed sideroblasts (RARS)
    • Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia
    • RAEB in transformation
  • RA or RARS must have at least one of the following:

    • Absolute neutrophil count less than 1,000/mm^3
    • Untransfused hemoglobin less than 8 g/dL
    • Platelet count less than 20,000/mm^3
    • Anemia
    • Thrombocytopenia requiring transfusion
    • High risk chromosomal abnormalities
  • Any stage of MDS allowed including:

    • Previously untreated MDS
    • Refractory MDS allowed if failure to achieve remission following prior intensive chemotherapy of at least 1 month ago
  • Relapsed, refractory, or untreated acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with the following:

    • WBC less than 30,000/mm^3
    • Stable for at least 2 weeks
    • Unlikely to require cytotoxic therapy during study
  • Untreated AML with poor risk factors for response to standard therapy including:

    • Greater than 60 years old
    • AML occurs in setting of antecedent hematologic disorder
    • High risk chromosomes (e.g., abnormalities of chromosome 5 or 7 or complex cytogenetic abnormalities)
    • Medical conditions that preclude cytotoxic chemotherapy as primary therapy
  • Refusal of cytotoxic chemotherapy allowed
  • No clinical evidence of CNS leukostasis or CNS leukemia

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • 18 and over

Performance status:

  • Zubrod 0-2

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Hemoglobin at least 8 g/dL (transfusion allowed)

Hepatic:

  • Bilirubin less than 2.0 mg/dL (unless due to hemolysis or Gilbert's disease)

Renal:

  • Creatinine less than 2.0 mg/dL

Cardiovascular:

  • No disseminated intravascular coagulation

Pulmonary:

  • No pulmonary leukostasis

Other:

  • No active infection
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception 2 weeks prior, during and 3 months after study

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • At least 3 weeks since prior biologic therapy including colony stimulating factors and recovered

Chemotherapy:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 3 weeks since prior chemotherapy and recovered

Endocrine therapy:

  • At least 3 weeks since prior hormonal therapy and recovered

Radiotherapy:

  • At least 3 weeks since prior radiotherapy and recovered

Surgery:

  • Not specified
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00004871

Locations
United States, Maryland
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21231-2410
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center
Investigators
Study Chair: Steven D. Gore, MD Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00004871     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000067531, J9950, U01CA070095, R01CA067803, P30CA006973, JHOC-99072307, NCI-T99-0092, JHOC-J9950
Study First Received: March 7, 2000
Last Updated: March 9, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center:
recurrent adult acute myeloid leukemia
untreated adult acute myeloid leukemia
refractory anemia
refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts
refractory anemia with excess blasts
refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation
chronic myelomonocytic leukemia
de novo myelodysplastic syndromes
previously treated myelodysplastic syndromes
secondary myelodysplastic syndromes
atypical chronic myeloid leukemia
myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disease, unclassifiable

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia, Myeloid
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Preleukemia
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Myelodysplastic-Myeloproliferative Diseases
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Azacitidine
4-phenylbutyric acid
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Enzyme Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 22, 2014