Study of Muscle Wasting and Altered Metabolism in Patients With Myotonic Dystrophy
OBJECTIVES: I. Examine the interrelationships between muscle wasting (phenotype), the degree of myotonic dystrophy (DM) gene expression (genotype) in patients with DM.
II. Characterize the insulin resistance in these patients. III. Assess the glucose uptake in the leg and forearm tissues of these patients.
IV. Determine the stability of the DM gene lesion in muscles over a 5-10 year period.
Myotonic Muscular Dystrophy
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Myotonic Dystrophy:Muscle Wasting and Altered Metabolism|
- Quantitative myometry (QMT) [ Time Frame: Visit 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||December 1993|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2000|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2000 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Subjects with myotonic dystrophy
Disease controls 1
Subjects with FSHD
Disease controls 2
Subjects with CMT
PROTOCOL OUTLINE: Patients are placed on a meatless diet 3 days prior to study entry.
During the first 5-day hospital stay, patients receive an oral glucose tolerance test, an intravenous glucose tolerance test, and an intravenous infusion of insulin and glucose (dextrose) to determine the degree of insulin resistance. Patients also receive dual x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan and total body potassium count to measure muscle mass. Patients undergo strength testing and physical fitness screening. A needle biopsy is performed to investigate the genetic alterations associated with this disease.
During the second 3-day hospital stay, patients receive an intravenous infusion of insulin, stable isotopic glucose, and stable isotopic glycerol.
During the third 3-day hospital stay, a catheter is placed in the femoral artery, femoral vein, and in each arm. Patients receive an infusion of stable isotopic glucose, stable isotopic phenylalanine, and insulin. Measurements of the balance of amino acids and glucose across the forearm and leg are completed. Green dye is infused to measure blood flow in the leg.