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Phase II Pilot Study of Cytarabine for Refractory Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

This study has been completed.
University of Michigan
Information provided by:
Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) Identifier:
First received: February 24, 2000
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: March 1999

OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the toxicity of cytarabine in patients with refractory systemic lupus erythematosus.

II. Evaluate objective disease parameters, including serum complement levels, anti-DNA antibody titers, sedimentation rate, and the systemic lupus activity measure in these patients.

Condition Intervention Phase
Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
Drug: cytarabine
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Office of Rare Diseases (ORD):

Estimated Enrollment: 10
Study Start Date: February 1995
Detailed Description:


Subcutaneous cytarabine is given for 5 days. Patients are re-treated every 4 weeks for a maximum of 3 courses; those who relapse prior to the second course are re-treated every 3 weeks.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 64 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


Disease Characteristics

  • Clinically documented active systemic lupus erythematosus demonstrating at least 4 revised diagnostic criteria
  • Unresponsive to conventional therapy with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), topical corticosteroids, and antimalarials
  • Intolerable side effects from corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive drugs Failure on immunosuppressives not required
  • No life-threatening disease, e.g.: Lupus cerebritis Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis

Prior/Concurrent Therapy

  • No concurrent other DNA synthesis inhibitors, NSAIDs, and prednisone continued on study

Patient Characteristics

  • Hematopoietic: WBC at least 2000; Platelets at least 100,000
  • Renal: Creatinine clearance at least 20 mL/min
  • Other: No major infection within 2 weeks prior to entry
  • Negative pregnancy test required of fertile women
  • Effective contraception required of fertile women. Advised for men during and for 75 days after therapy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00004643

Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Michigan
Study Chair: Bruce Richardson University of Michigan
  More Information

Publications: Identifier: NCT00004643     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 199/11685, UMMC-91208
Study First Received: February 24, 2000
Last Updated: June 23, 2005
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Office of Rare Diseases (ORD):
arthritis & connective tissue diseases
immunologic disorders and infectious disorders
rare disease
systemic lupus erythematosus

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
Autoimmune Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Anti-Infective Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Immunologic Factors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Therapeutic Uses processed this record on November 24, 2014