Scleroderma Lung Study
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of cyclophosphamide versus placebo for the prevention and progression of symptomatic pulmonary disease in patients with systemic sclerosis.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Study Start Date:||August 1999|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2005|
Systemic sclerosis is a connective tissue disease of unknown etiology characterized by microvascular injury and excessive fibrosis of the skin and viscera. In the United States, 5,000 to 10,000 new cases are diagnosed annually. Approximately 80 percent of these persons will eventually develop some degree of lung involvement, and restrictive lung disease (interstitial fibrosis) is now the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in systemic sclerosis. An inflammatory alveolitis is thought to be the precursor of interstitial pulmonary fibrosis in systemic sclerosis. An effective treatment for SSc interstitial lung disease has yet to be identified. Cyclophosphamide (CYC) is already being widely used by rheumatologists desperate to do something to halt rapidly declining lung function in SSC patients. Thus, the time is ripe to perform a placebo-controlled trial of CYC in this disease.
Pulmonary scleroderma strikes all races and is most prevalent among women during their child-bearing, child-rearing, and working years. A positive outcome from this trial, demonstrating that oral cyclophosphamide has a beneficial effect on pulmonary fibrosis, would be of great importance by offering a scientific basis for treatment. Similarly, a negative result, demonstrating no benefit from cyclophosphamide therapy, would also be important in avoiding hazardous and expensive therapy that is now being used widely.
Multicenter, placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind. Subjects are recruited at 12 clinical centers and randomized to 2 mg/kg/day of cyclophosphamide or placebo. Follow-up visits for pulmonary assessments occur every three months for two years after treatment. If patients fail the cyclophosphamide treatment, they will be offered azathioprine for the remainder of the 24 month trial. The primary endpoint of the study is change in forced vital capacity at the end of 12 months of treatment. Secondary endpoints include quality of life, activity, and dyspnea indices, and carbon monoxide diffusing capacity. Recruitment ends in December, 2003.
|Investigator:||Jeffrey Golden||University of California at San Francisco|
|Investigator:||Mark Metersky||University of Connecticut|