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The Effects of Dextroamphetamine on Brain Function

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00004556
First received: February 8, 2000
Last updated: July 16, 2014
Last verified: July 2014
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of the drug dextroamphetamine on the brain function and mood of healthy volunteers.

Monoaminergic drugs are substances that affect the nervous system; these drugs can raise, hamper, or have no effect on brain function when given to healthy individuals. Different responses to a drug may be the result of genetic variations. This study will examine the effects of the monoaminergic drug dextroamphetamine on thought and sensorimotor processes while participants perform a variety of tasks.

Participants in this study will undergo a medical history, physical examination, blood tests, and an electrocardiogram (EKG). Women of reproductive potential will undergo a pregnancy test. Participants will be given either dextroamphetamine or placebo (an inactive solution) on two occasions separated by at least 3 to 7 days. Participants will then perform neuropsychological tests that will measure attention, problem solving, memory, and ability to complete simple motor tasks.


Condition
Healthy

Study Type: Observational
Official Title: Mechanisms of Individual Variation of Dextroamphetamine Effects in Normal Human Subjects

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Enrollment: 108
Study Start Date: September 1991
Detailed Description:

Neuropharmacological intervention with monoaminergic drugs in healthy subjects can either augment, have no effect, or hamper brain function. We hypothesize that these population differences might be related to differences (high vs. low) in monoaminergic synaptic function which may be due to specific allelic variations in monoamine system genes (e.g., various synaptic proteins, synthetic enzymes, etc.). We wish to examine the effect of dextroamphetamine, a non-specific monoaminergic drug, on cognitive efficiency while subjects perform a variety of tasks including memory challenges with increasing cognitive load and varying rewards, selective attention and emotional processing. Further, in collaboration with other NIMH neuroimaging protocols, we wish to examine the neurophysiological correlates of these effects. We believe this protocol will provide a matrix for many investigations to elucidate important neurophysiological mechanisms that underlie normal cognition and cognitive efficiency. It is anticipated that these studies would be of potential 'pharmacogenetic' importance with regard to individual differences in the metabolism of monoaminergic drugs in normal health, aging and in disease.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Normal volunteers will be recruited exclusively from among individuals who have volunteered for studies under protocol 95-M-0150 as normal control subjects and for whom genetic data is already available. Subjects will satisfy the inclusion/exclusion criteria for that protocol before being given an opportunity to volunteer under this protocol. Here we detail criteria that are specific to this protocol, per se.

Inclusion criteria:

  1. Prior participation as a normal volunteer under NIH protocol # 95-M-0150.
  2. No Axis I or Axis II diagnosis.
  3. Age range: 18-45 years.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Subjects with an Axis I or II disorder will be excluded.
  2. Subjects with a history of cardiovascular disease and other medical illnesses, substance abuse or recreational drug use, and hypertension will be excluded. An electrocardiogram, blood pressure and pulse rate will be checked on all subjects prior to participation in the study.
  3. Pregnant women. Women of childbearing potential will undergo a urine pregnancy test the day of the study and screened by history for the possibility of pregnancy.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00004556

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Karen F Berman, M.D. National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00004556     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 910230, 91-M-0230
Study First Received: February 8, 2000
Last Updated: July 16, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Stimulants
Affect
Cognition
Brain Physiology
Brain Metabolism
Catecholamines
Brain Imaging
Cognitive Efficiency
Dopamine Genes

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Dextroamphetamine
Central Nervous System Agents
Central Nervous System Stimulants
Dopamine Agents
Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Neurotransmitter Agents
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 23, 2014