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Randomized Study of Hormonal Regulation of Infantile Hemangioma

This study has been completed.
Children's Hospital Boston
Information provided by:
FDA Office of Orphan Products Development Identifier:
First received: October 18, 1999
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: August 2000

OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the clinical efficacy of leuprolide, a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa), in treating infants with vision-endangering or large, disfiguring hemangiomas.

II. Assess the impact of GnRHa on growth and development during infancy. III. Assess the safety of GnHRa in these patients.

Condition Intervention
Drug: leuprolide
Drug: prednisone

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by FDA Office of Orphan Products Development:

Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: July 1993
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2000
Detailed Description:

PROTOCOL OUTLINE: This is a randomized, placebo-controlled study. Patients are stratified according to gender and by position of the lesion (periorbital vs nonperiorbital).

All patients receive oral prednisone daily for 3 weeks. Patients are then randomized to receive either placebo or leuprolide IM every 3 weeks, while continuing oral prednisone. Tumors are assessed at 1, 3, and 6 weeks. If the tumor is not responding, the leuprolide will be administered every 2 weeks. Tumors are reassessed at 3 and 6 months, at which point the treatment is stopped. Responding patients are observed every 3 weeks for 3 months. If the tumor begins to grow again, leuprolide may be administered for another 3 months. Patients whose tumors grow rapidly during treatment may crossover to the alternate therapy, repeat the leuprolide or prednisone therapy, or undergo surgical excision.


Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Month to 8 Months
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
  • Presence of hemangioma meeting at least one of the following criteria: Vision-threatening because of induced astigmatism or occlusion of the visual axis or proptosis Severe anatomic distortion compromising function of an organ or creating an unacceptable cosmetic outcome Other complications, e.g., Kasabach-Merritt consumptive coagulopathy, high-output heart failure, etc.
  • No lesions that are clearly regressing before therapy
  • No vascular malformations other than juvenile hemangiomas
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00004436

Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Hospital Boston
Study Chair: Lois Hodgson Smith Children's Hospital Boston
  More Information

No publications provided Identifier: NCT00004436     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 199/13399, CH-B-FDR000967
Study First Received: October 18, 1999
Last Updated: June 23, 2005
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by FDA Office of Orphan Products Development:
cardiovascular and respiratory diseases
rare disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Vascular Tissue processed this record on November 27, 2014