Capecitabine and Oxaliplatin in Treating Patients With Advanced or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00004187
First received: January 21, 2000
Last updated: May 14, 2012
Last verified: May 2012
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial to study the effectiveness of combining capecitabine and oxaliplatin in treating patients who have advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer that cannot be surgically removed.


Condition Intervention Phase
Colorectal Cancer
Drug: capecitabine
Drug: oxaliplatin
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I-II Study of Capecitabine and Oxaliplatin in Chemotherapy-Naive and Thymidylate Synthase Inhibitor Pretreated Advanced or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research:

Study Start Date: June 1999
Study Completion Date: April 2004
Primary Completion Date: April 2004 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of capecitabine when combined with oxaliplatin in patients with chemotherapy naive or thymidylate synthase inhibitor pretreated unresectable, advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer. II. Determine the safety profile, toxicity, and efficacy of this regimen in these patients. III. Determine the complete and partial remission rates, time to treatment failure, and overall survival of patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation, multicenter study of capecitabine. Patients are stratified by pretreatment status (any pretreatment vs chemotherapy naive vs thymidylate synthase inhibitor pretreatment). Phase I : Patients receive oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours on day 1 and oral capecitabine every 12 hours on days 1-14. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of capecitabine until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the highest dose at which 2 or more of 6 patients experience dose limiting toxicity. Phase II: Patients receive capecitabine at the feasible dose. The feasible dose is defined as the dose immediately preceding the MTD from phase I. Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year, and then every 6 months thereafter until death.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 18 patients will be accrued for phase I of the study and a total of 27-68 patients (14-25 thymidylate synthase inhibitor pretreated patients and 13-43 chemotherapy naive patients) will be accrued for phase II of the study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically or cytologically proven unresectable, advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer Measurable disease Phase I: Any pretreatment status Phase II-N (chemotherapy naive patients): No prior chemotherapy for advanced or metastatic cancer and no prior adjuvant chemotherapy OR No prior chemotherapy for advanced or metastatic cancer and prior adjuvant chemotherapy ended more than 6 months ago Phase II-P (thymidylate synthase inhibitor pretreated patients): No thymidylate synthase inhibitor based regimen for advanced or metastatic cancer and prior adjuvant chemotherapy ended less than 6 months ago OR One thymidylate synthase inhibitor based regimen for advanced or metastatic cancer and no adjuvant thymidylate synthase inhibitor based regimen OR One thymidylate synthase inhibitor based regimen for advanced or metastatic cancer and one additional adjuvant thymidylate synthase inhibitor based regimen ended more than 6 months ago No CNS metastases

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 to 75 Performance status: 0 or 1 Life expectancy: At least 3 months Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) SGOT or SGPT no greater than 2 times ULN (5 times ULN if related to liver metastases) Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.25 times ULN Cardiovascular: No New York Heart Association class III or IV heart disease No congestive heart failure No symptomatic coronary artery disease No cardiac arrhythmia unless well controlled with medication No myocardial infarction within the past 12 months Neurologic: No peripheral neuropathy of any origin worse than grade 1 No prior or concurrent seizures or CNS disorder requiring treatment Other: Not pregnant Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception No dysphagia, malabsorption, or intestinal obstruction that could impact the absorption or excretion of study drug No psychiatric disability precluding informed consent or compliance No prior malignancy within the past 5 years except adequately treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix or localized nonmelanomatous skin cancer No other significant medical condition

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: At least 4 weeks since prior major gastrointestinal surgery

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00004187

Locations
Switzerland
Inselspital, Bern
Bern, Switzerland, CH-3010
Sponsors and Collaborators
Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research
Investigators
Study Chair: Markus M. Borner, MD University Hospital Inselspital, Berne
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00004187     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SAKK 41/99, SWS-SAKK-41-99, EU-99026
Study First Received: January 21, 2000
Last Updated: May 14, 2012
Health Authority: Switzerland: Swissmedic

Keywords provided by Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research:
stage III colon cancer
stage IV colon cancer
stage III rectal cancer
stage IV rectal cancer
recurrent colon cancer
recurrent rectal cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Oxaliplatin
Capecitabine
Fluorouracil
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 19, 2014