Interleukin-2 Plus Histamine Dihydrochloride in Treating Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00003991
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: November 5, 2013
Last verified: December 2011
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Interleukin-2 may stimulate a person's white blood cells to kill acute myeloid leukemia cells. Histamine dihydrochloride may prolong remission and reduce the risk of relapse in patients with acute myeloid leukemia in remission.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to determine the effectiveness of interleukin-2 plus histamine dihydrochloride in treating patients who have acute myeloid leukemia that is in remission following previous therapy.


Condition Intervention Phase
Leukemia
Biological: aldesleukin
Drug: histamine dihydrochloride
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Multi-Center, Randomized Open-Label Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Immunotherapy With Subcutaneous Maxamine (Histamine Dihydrochloride) Plus Proleukin (Interleukin-2) Versus No Treatment (Standard of Care) in Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia in First or Subsequent Complete Remission (CR)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Estimated Enrollment: 360
Study Start Date: July 1998
Study Completion Date: August 2011
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the efficacy of interleukin-2 plus histamine dihydrochloride (Maxamine) vs no further therapy in prolonging the leukemia free survival in patients with acute myeloid leukemia in first or subsequent complete remission (CR) following consolidation therapy. II. Compare the relapse rate, overall survival, and quality of life in this patient population treated with interleukin-2 plus Maxamine vs no further therapy. III. Compare the remission inversion rate in patients in subsequent CR with this treatment regimen vs no further therapy.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, open label, parallel, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to complete remission (first vs subsequent). Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms. Arm I: Following consolidation chemotherapy or autologous stem cell transplantation, patients receive interleukin-2 subcutaneously followed by histamine dihydrochloride subcutaneously over 5-7 minutes twice daily on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 6 weeks for 3 courses and then every 9 weeks for 7 courses in the absence of disease relapse or unacceptable toxicity. Arm II: Patients receive no further therapy following consolidation chemotherapy or autologous stem cell transplantation. Quality of life is assessed prior to study, and at visits 6, 7, 10, 11, 16, 17, and 22. Patients are followed for relapse and survival every 3 months for 2.5 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 360 patients will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Cytologically confirmed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in first complete remission (CR) or subsequent CR Less than 5% blasts in normal bone marrow Less than 3 months since last dose of chemotherapy OR Less than 6 months since achieving CR

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: WHO 0-1 OR Karnofsky 70-100% Life expectancy: Greater than 3 months Hematopoietic: WBC at least 1,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 75,000/mm3 Hepatic: PTT normal Bilirubin no greater than 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN) SGOT and SGPT no greater than 2 times ULN Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 times ULN Cardiovascular: No class III or IV heart disease No hypotension, severe hypertension, or serious or uncontrolled cardiac dysrhythmia (e.g., ventricular arrhythmias) No acute myocardial infarction within the past 12 months No active uncontrolled angina pectoris No symptomatic arteriosclerotic blood vessel disease Pulmonary: No history of asthma within the past 5 years Other: No other active malignancies except localized basal or squamous cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix HIV negative No prior or active peptic or esophageal ulcer disease No history of hypersensitivity to histamine or histamine products, or severe allergies Not pregnant or nursing

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Prior autologous stem cell transplantation allowed No prior allogeneic stem cell transplantation No other concurrent immunomodulating agents Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics Prior induction or consolidation therapy allowed No concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: At least 24 hours since prior corticosteroids No concurrent steroids Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: Not specified Other: No concurrent alternative therapy (e.g., laetrile, Brudzinski's treatment, etc.)

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00003991

  Show 118 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Maxim Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
Study Chair: Barbara Berryhill Maxim Pharmaceuticals
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003991     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000067196, MAXIM-MP-MA-0201, CWRU-MAXI-1998
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: November 5, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
adult acute myeloid leukemia in remission

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Interleukin-2
Histamine
Histamine phosphate
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Central Nervous System Agents
Histamine Agonists
Histamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 02, 2014