Combination Chemotherapy Plus Dexrazoxane in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Nonmetastatic Osteosarcoma

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: March 13, 2012
Last verified: March 2012

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells. Chemoprotective drugs such as dexrazoxane may protect normal cells from the side effects of chemotherapy.

PURPOSE: Phase III trial to study the effectiveness of three combination chemotherapy regimens plus dexrazoxane in treating patients who have newly diagnosed nonmetastatic osteosarcoma.

Condition Intervention Phase
Cardiac Toxicity
Drug: cisplatin
Drug: dexrazoxane hydrochloride
Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
Drug: etoposide
Drug: ifosfamide
Drug: methotrexate
Procedure: conventional surgery
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Protocol for Patients With Newly-Diagnosed Non-Metastatic Osteosarcoma - A POG/CCG Pilot Intergroup Study

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: September 1999
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the efficacy of three intensification regimens (doxorubicin vs doxorubicin plus ifosfamide vs doxorubicin plus ifosfamide and etoposide) in patients with newly diagnosed, previously untreated, nonmetastatic osteosarcoma. II. Determine the effect of postoperative dose intensification on outcome in patients with standard response to preoperative chemotherapy. III. Determine the effect of dexrazoxane cardioprotection during standard induction therapy on histologic response in these patients. IV. Evaluate biological factors that may predict outcome in these patients. V. Determine the safety of dexrazoxane administered with doxorubicin in combination with cisplatin or cisplatin and ifosfamide in these patients. VI. Determine the effect of dexrazoxane on cytotoxicity as measured by tumor necrosis at definitive surgery in these patients. VII. Assess the feasibility of administering doxorubicin with dexrazoxane cardioprotection or high dose ifosfamide with etoposide to standard risk patients who are also receiving methotrexate and cisplatin.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are enrolled sequentially on 1 of 3 pilot intensification regimens. After surgery to completely remove the primary tumor, patients are assigned to 1 of 2 adjuvant chemotherapy groups based on percent necrosis at limb salvage. Pilot 1: (Closed to accrual as of 6/2/2000) Patients receive dexrazoxane IV followed immediately by doxorubicin IV over 20 minutes plus cisplatin IV over 4 hours on days 1 and 2 of weeks 1 and 6. Methotrexate IV over 4 hours is administered on day 1 of weeks 4, 5, 9, and 10. Patients undergo surgery on week 11. Adjuvant chemotherapy begins on day 1 of week 13. Group 1 (good response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy): Patients receive methotrexate IV over 4 hours every 3 weeks for 6 courses, beginning on week 13. Patients also receive dexrazoxane and doxorubicin every 3 weeks for 4 courses, beginning on week 14. Cisplatin is administered with the first 2 courses of dexrazoxane and doxorubicin. Group 2 (standard response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy): Patients receive methotrexate and cisplatin as in group 1 plus dexrazoxane and doxorubicin for 6 courses. Pilot 2: Patients receive preoperative therapy comprised of dexrazoxane, doxorubicin, and methotrexate as in pilot 1. Ifosfamide IV over 4 hours is also administered on days 1-5 of week 1. Patients undergo surgery on week 11, then begin adjuvant chemotherapy on week 13. Group 1: Patients receive methotrexate, dexrazoxane, and doxorubicin as in pilot 1, group 1. Ifosfamide is also administered on weeks 14 and 20. Cisplatin is administered on weeks 17, 23, and 26. Group 2: Patients receive methotrexate, dexrazoxane, and doxorubicin as in pilot 1, group 2. Ifosfamide is administered on weeks 14, 20, 26, and 31. Cisplatin is administered on weeks 17, 23, and 29. Pilot 3: (Open to accrual as of 6/2/2000) Patients receive preoperative therapy comprised of methotrexate, dexrazoxane, doxorubicin, ifosfamide, and cisplatin as in pilot 2. Patients undergo surgery on week 11, then begin adjuvant chemotherapy on week 13. Group 1: Patients receive methotrexate, dexrazoxane, doxorubicin, ifosfamide, and cisplatin as in pilot 2, group 1. Group 2: Patients receive methotrexate on weeks 13, 19, 29, 32, 35, and 36, high dose ifosfamide and etoposide IV over 4 hours on days 1-5 of weeks 14, 23, and 26, and cisplatin on weeks 20, 30, and 33. Dexrazoxane and doxorubicin are administered on weeks 17, 20, 30, and 33. Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 4 years and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 180 patients will be accrued for this study within 2 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 30 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven newly diagnosed moderate or high grade osteosarcoma without metastases No prior treatment, including complete resection No parosteal or periosteal sarcoma No osteosarcoma associated with Paget's disease No nonresectable tumors or tumors that may result in marginal or interlesion resection Must be enrolled on protocol POG-9851

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 30 and under Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,000/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times normal SGOT no greater than 3 times normal Renal: Creatinine normal Phosphate at least 3.0 mg/dL without supplementation Cardiovascular: Shortening fraction at least 28% by echocardiogram If echocardiogram unsatisfactory, must have ejection fraction at least 50% No history of pericarditis or myocarditis No symptomatic arrhythmia or symptomatic cardiac conduction disturbances

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: See Disease Characteristics Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: No prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: No prior radiotherapy Surgery: See Disease Characteristics

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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00003937

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Oncology Group
Study Chair: Cindy Schwartz, MD Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications: Identifier: NCT00003937     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000067129, COG-P9754, POG-P9754, CCG-P9754
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: March 13, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
localized osteosarcoma
cardiac toxicity

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms, Bone Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Isophosphamide mustard
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
Abortifacient Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Dermatologic Agents processed this record on July 22, 2014