Itraconazole Compared With Fluconazole to Prevent Infections in Patients Undergoing Peripheral Stem Cell or Bone Marrow Transplantation

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00003883
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: March 31, 2010
Last verified: March 2010
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Giving itraconazole or fluconazole may be effective in preventing infections in patients undergoing peripheral stem cell or bone marrow transplantation. It is not yet known whether itraconazole is more effective than fluconazole for preventing infections.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of itraconazole with fluconazole to prevent infections in patients undergoing peripheral stem cell or bone marrow transplantation.


Condition Intervention Phase
Cancer
Drug: fluconazole
Drug: itraconazole
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: A Randomized, Comparative Study of Itraconazole Versus Fluconazole for Prevention of Aspergillus Infections in Peripheral Blood Stem Cell and Marrow Transplant Recipients

Resource links provided by NLM:

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center resources: Leukemia, Myeloid Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Myelodysplastic Syndromes Lymphosarcoma Lymphoma, Small Cleaved-cell, Diffuse Multiple Myeloma Ovarian Epithelial Cancer Testicular Cancer Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Hodgkin Lymphoma Acute Myelocytic Leukemia Acute Non Lymphoblastic Leukemia Neuroblastoma Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Adult Follicular Lymphoma Hodgkin Lymphoma, Childhood B-cell Lymphomas Myelofibrosis Burkitt Lymphoma Choriocarcinoma Yolk Sac Tumor Lymphoma, Large-cell Lymphoma, Large-cell, Immunoblastic Plasmablastic Lymphoma Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Small Non-cleaved Cell Lymphoma Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Leukemia, B-cell, Chronic Kidney Cancer Renal Cancer Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Childhood Wilms' Tumor Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Childhood Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia Mantle Cell Lymphoma Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma Gestational Trophoblastic Tumor Ovarian Germ Cell Tumor Hairy Cell Leukemia Mycosis Fungoides Sezary Syndrome Seminoma Embryonal Carcinoma Polyembryoma
U.S. FDA Resources

Further study details as provided by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center:

Estimated Enrollment: 578
Study Start Date: October 1998
Study Completion Date: July 2002
Primary Completion Date: July 2002 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the efficacy of itraconazole versus fluconazole in reducing the incidence of breakthrough Aspergillus infections in patients undergoing allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell or bone marrow transplantation. II. Compare the incidence of combined mold/yeast infections and the use of alternative systemic antifungal treatments in these patients on this regimen. III. Compare the toxic effects of these two drugs in these patients. IV. Determine the survival rate of these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive fluconazole orally or IV daily beginning at start of conditioning regimen and continuing until day 180 or until 4 weeks after stopping corticosteroids (if it occurs between days 120-180). Arm II: Patients receive oral fluconazole daily beginning at start of conditioning regimen and continuing until day 0. Patients then receive itraconazole orally or IV daily beginning on day 0 and continuing until day 180, or until 4 weeks after stopping corticosteroids (if it occurs between days 120-180).

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 578 patients (289 per arm) will be accrued for this study within 4 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Scheduled to undergo allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell, bone marrow, or cord blood transplant (except minitransplant) No documented or suspected invasive fungal infection

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 13 and over Performance status: Not specified Life expectancy: More than 2 weeks Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) OR AST or ALT no greater than 5 times ULN OR Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 5 times ULN Renal: Not specified Other: Weight at least 40 kg Fertile patients must use effective contraception No history of anaphylaxis due to azole antifungal drug compounds No uncontrolled bacteremia No concurrent condition that would preclude study

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: See Disease Characteristics Chemotherapy: Not specified Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: Not specified Other: No prior nonmyeloablative regimen (e.g., FHCRC-1209 or FHCRC-1225) No other concurrent antifungal agents No concurrent astemizole, terfenadine, or cisapride

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00003883

Locations
United States, Washington
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109-1024
University of Washington Medical Center
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98195-6043
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Investigators
Study Chair: Kieren A. Marr, MD Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003883     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1322.00, FHCRC-1322.00, NCI-H99-0030, CDR0000067050
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: March 31, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government
United States: Food and Drug Administration
United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center:
stage IV breast cancer
stage IIIA breast cancer
stage IIIB breast cancer
recurrent childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia
recurrent adult Hodgkin lymphoma
recurrent cutaneous T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma
refractory multiple myeloma
recurrent childhood rhabdomyosarcoma
stage II ovarian epithelial cancer
stage III ovarian epithelial cancer
stage IV ovarian epithelial cancer
recurrent ovarian epithelial cancer
disseminated neuroblastoma
recurrent neuroblastoma
recurrent Wilms tumor and other childhood kidney tumors
stage I multiple myeloma
stage II multiple myeloma
stage III multiple myeloma
recurrent childhood lymphoblastic lymphoma
stage III chronic lymphocytic leukemia
stage IV chronic lymphocytic leukemia
recurrent childhood acute myeloid leukemia
recurrent adult acute myeloid leukemia
recurrent adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia
relapsing chronic myelogenous leukemia
refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia
stage III malignant testicular germ cell tumor
recurrent malignant testicular germ cell tumor
chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
accelerated phase chronic myelogenous leukemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Immunoblastic
Lymphoma
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Fluconazole
Itraconazole
Hydroxyitraconazole
Antifungal Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
14-alpha Demethylase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 21, 2014